Height growth can be stunted by any number of variables, ranging from malnutrition to smoking. The result can be a significant decrease in body height, which is often not remediable.
Typically, height growth is considered stunted if a child's height falls below the fifth percentile for that child's age group.
Improper Nutrition in Childhood
To grow properly, children require essential vitamins and nutrients, including calcium. When these needs are not met, the body compensates by limiting growth.
If a pregnant woman fails to consume enough essential vitamins and nutrients, generally provided through a proper diet and prenatal vitamin supplements, the fetus can suffer. This can result in stunted growth even after the child is born.
Height is largely hereditary, so if both the father and mother are short, a child is likely to be short as well. In this case, the height is considered stunted even if it is not problematic if it falls below the 5th percentile for an age group.
Caffeine is often considered a cause of stunted growth. Children are advised not to consume beverages high in caffeine, including coffee and some sodas.
- HEALTH-CAMEROON: Malnutrition, Disease Stunt Children's Growth
- Olivieri, F., Semproli, S.,Pettener, D., & Toselli, S. (2007). Growth and malnutrition of rural zimbabwean children (6-17 years of age). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 136(2), 214-222. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20797
What Stunts Breast Growth?
Breast growth begins during puberty and continues until age 18. Normal breast growth begins with the development of small tender breast buds,...
Stunted Growth in Plants
Stunted growth can occur in virtually every type of plant and can be attributed to a number of causes. Occasionally, plant growth...
How to Increase Height
The question of how to increase height or how to get taller may sound like something only people who buy and believe...
How to Talk to an Angry Boss
When your boss is upset, it's certainly not an easy feat to try to communicate. When you're at fault, it will be...