According to the National Eye Institute, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease associated with aging that gradually destroys central vision. The affliction affects the macula, which allows a person to see in sharp detail.
There are two types of macular degeneration, including wet and dry. Each is brought on by different causes.
In October 2001, the National Eye Institute (NEI) released the results of its Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), which concluded that antioxidant vitamins and zinc "significantly reduce the risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration and its associated vision loss."
In its press release, the NEI asserted that high doses of vitamin C and E, as well as beta-carotene and zinc, can reduce the risk of vision loss due to macular degeneration by 25 percent.
According to the Natural Health Research Institute, lutein and zeaxanthin have also been shown to decrease the risk of AMD by up to 35 percent.
Ultimately, it is a combination of vitamins and nutrients that can reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration later in life. An AREDS formula is now available in pharmacies and other retail outlets.