Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) audits are performed by trained professionals. An EHS auditor analyzes companies to determine whether they comply with applicable safety and environmental laws.
According to the American College of Environmental Lawyers (ACOEL), EHS auditing came about during the 1970s, a time when environmental legislation came into fruition. Noncompliant companies would be fined $25,000 per day for every violation, according to the ACOEL.
An EHS auditor checks the premises of a company and checks for any hazardous materials or potentially hazardous situations.
An EHS auditor interviews business owners and some of their employees to determine whether there is sufficient communication and safety training.
EHS auditors help companies come up with a plan to become compliant if they are found to be in violation of any laws.
If companies continue to violate environmental health and safety laws, even after an audit, owners may be fined after an EHS auditor reports them. Certain laws vary on local, state and federal levels; EHS auditors determine which laws are applicable.