Beta-hemolytic streptococci are a type of streptococci, a genus of spherical bacteria that is characterized as lactic acid bacteria. They are divided into several groups that cause different maladies and can be treated in different ways.
Red blood cells rupture to create clear areas surrounding bacterial colonies to create Beta-hemolytic streptococci.
Lancefield serotyping, which is based on the existence of certain carbohydrates residing in the cell wall, denotes that streptococci are beta-hemolytic.
The two most common groups of beta-hemolytic streptococci are A and B. Group A beta-hemolytic strep is responsible for strep throat, rheumatic fever, and scarlet fever, while Group B is associated with pneumonia and meningitis.
Beta-hemolytic streptococci are easily contracted by any physical contact with a personal who already has them. Skin-to skin contact such as handshakes, kissing, or high fives can pass the streptococci on.
Antibiotics are used to treat all types of beta-hemolytic streptococci. It is best to consult a doctor to acquire a prescription for the proper antibiotic.