The Structure of Rose Plants


A rose is a perennial flowering shrub that has a distinct, recognizable appearance despite its many different colors, shapes and sizes. The Rosaceae family includes 50 to 150 different species of roses.

Rose Hips

  • Roses have a small, oval shaped fruit called a "rose hip." Rose hips are an ingredient in some jams and jellies because of their high vitamin C content.


  • Roses have green, feather-like leaves with spiked, razor edges.


  • Roses have sharp thorns on their stems and smaller thorns, called "prickles," on the underside of the leaves.


  • Rose blooms vary from one species to another and come in a range of colors. Wild rose blooms tend be smaller and to have a stronger, sweeter smell than the big, colorful ones grown by modern gardeners. Rose petals are coveted for their scent, making them a key ingredient in perfumes and waters.


  • Climbing and rambling roses can grow up to 30 feet, while miniature roses can be as short as 6 inches.

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  • Photo Credit Image by, courtesy of David K
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