What Are the Causes of Vertical Dizziness?


Vertical dizziness is a general term referring to when a person gets dizzy when standing up, or vertical, and can have many different causes.

Inner Ear

  • Vertigo is caused by problems in the sensory nervous system and inner ear. Vertigo is one of the most common types of dizziness, and it makes a person feel like he's about to fall or tip over.

Low Blood Pressure

  • A sudden drop in blood pressure when a person sits or stands up suddenly is called orthostatic hypotension. It is a common cause of temporary dizziness. Low blood pressure can cause dizziness, because less oxygen reaches the brain.

Heart Problems

  • Dizziness often happens when the heart isn't pumping enough blood to the brain, as in cases of arrhythmia, heart attack or other disease or weakness of the heart.


  • Dizziness can result when something goes wrong in the brain, like a stroke, tumor or dementia, that disrupts normal functioning.


  • The vast majority of medications list dizziness as a potential side effect. Sedatives and medications for blood pressure are some of the most likely to cause vertical dizziness.

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  • Photo Credit Image by Flickr.com, courtesy of Son of Groucho
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