What Causes Joint Pain & Swelling?


According to the Mayo Clinic, joint pain and swelling can occur in any joint of the body. This pain and swelling can range from mild, where it causes discomfort when performing even basic tasks, to severe, where you cannot use the joint at all.


  • People who experience joint pain and swelling may have one or more joints that are sore or tender to the touch. The joint may also be puffy or red.


  • Many medical conditions can cause joint pain and swelling, including arthritis, gout, bursitis, lupus, influenza and fifth disease. An injury can also cause joint pain and swelling.


  • Doctors can identify the cause of the joint pain and swelling through blood work and X-rays.


  • Depending on the cause of the joint pain and swelling, a doctor may prescribe arthritis medicine, an anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen, or recommend physical therapy. Sometimes doctors recommend putting a heating pad on the sore joints or taking a warm bath to bring down the swelling.

Time Frame

  • If your joint pain and swelling are severe or you have experienced joint pain and swelling for three days, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

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