With today’s technology, getting water is a nearly thoughtless process, as easy as the push of a button or the turn of a lever. Rarely does the thought occur of where the water comes from, or where it goes once it goes down the drain.
Water leaving a house is directed through pipes to a water treatment facility. These facilities use a variety of methods to clean and redistribute the water, including filtering, chemical cleaning agents and heat.
When the water first goes through the filtering process, methods such as screening and sedimentation are used. These processes eliminate most solid substances within the water.
When the water enters the chemical cleaning stage, chemicals such as activated carbon and chlorine are used to destroy any organic compounds.
After the water is treated, it is either redistributed to receiving waters or it is released into streams, rivers or ponds.
Some homes in rural areas use a septic tank instead of a sewer system. A septic tank stores the water and solids until it is full, when a professional must pump the contents out of the tank using a specially equipped truck.
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