The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) regulates private interstate bus transportation. Private carriers must follow specific rules regarding licensing, driver qualifications, hours of service, maintenance and safety.
A carrier is considered a private motor carrier of passengers PMCP if it operates vehicles across state lines or with 16 or more passengers. Business PMCPs drive for commercial enterprises that aren't available to the public, such as employee transportation. Non-business PMCPs drive for non-commercial organizations, such as churches or charity groups.
Insurance and License
Private carriers are required to have at least the legal minimum-required amount of insurance for their buses, which is determined by seating capacity. Additionally, carriers are required to obtain a license from the FMSCA to operate across state lines.
Carriers must maintain driver qualification files for every driver hired, and must retain all related files for three years after any accident. Drivers may not be able to operate buses if they have a suspended or rescinded license, a criminal history or a history of violating out-of-service orders.
Hours of Service
Rules define how many hours drivers may drive a bus without resting. Carriers may assign relief drivers to take over from drivers who are nearing the end of their on-duty time.
Records must be kept to document bus maintenance. Drivers must deliver any roadside inspection reports to their employer and complete a daily post-trip inspection report. Buses must have an annual inspection.
- Photo Credit "The RSS Bus!" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: pheezy (evan p. cordes) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.
Class C CDL School Bus Endorsement Requirements
Prior to obtaining a position driving a school bus, federal and state laws require that the driver obtain a specific type driver's...
How to Insure a Bus for Personal Use
While most buses are used to transport large groups of people commercially, you can choose to purchase a bus and use it...
How to Fill Out a Log Book for CDL Team Drivers
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration mandates require that truck drivers properly maintain daily log books. For each 24-hour period, the driver must...
School Bus Driver Rules & Regulations
School bus drivers play an important role in society--to safely transport children to and from school every day. For this reason, federal...
DOT Regulations on Driving Hours
The U.S. Department of Transportation and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration are responsible for developing and enforcing federal regulations concerning drivers...
School Bus Transportation Laws
Laws governing school buses originate primarily from the individual state governments and vary from state to state. Federal Safety Standards and various...