Splenic Aneurysm Symptoms

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Aneurysms occur when one of your arteries widens abnormally. They are caused by weakening of arterial walls and can be located in your brain, aorta, intestines or the artery in your spleen, known as a splenic aneurysm.

A weakening of the arterial wall of your spleen is called a splenic aneurism.
A weakening of the arterial wall of your spleen is called a splenic aneurism. (Image: LarsZahnerPhotography/iStock/Getty Images)

Facts

According to the Vascular Disease Management (VDM) website, splenic aneurysms are the third most common form of abdominal aneurysm, with imaging technology advances allowing earlier detection.

Imaging technology advances allow for earlier detection.
Imaging technology advances allow for earlier detection. (Image: Konstantin Sutyagin/iStock/Getty Images)

Side Effects

You may have a splenic aneurysm and not realize it, VDM says. Symptoms associated with splenic artery aneurysm include pain in the upper left portion of the abdomen, vomiting and nausea.

Vomiting and nausea may be symptoms of splenic aneurysm.
Vomiting and nausea may be symptoms of splenic aneurysm. (Image: Valua Vitaly/iStock/Getty Images)

Ruptured Aneurysm

An aneurysm’s rupture may be heralded by extreme pain in the upper left quadrant, reports The New York Times (NYT), followed by shock, with lightheadedness, fast heartbeat and low blood pressure.

Low blood pressure may be a sign of a rupture.
Low blood pressure may be a sign of a rupture. (Image: kedofoto/iStock/Getty Images)

Organ Failure

According to VDM, hypovolemic shock occurs in 3 to 10 percent of cases, and can result in organ failure. Symptoms include confusion, agitation, increased perspiration, paleness, rapid breathing, clammy skin, decreased output of urine and general weakness.

Paleness and fatigue are symptoms of hypovolemic shock.
Paleness and fatigue are symptoms of hypovolemic shock. (Image: Elena Elisseeva/iStock/Getty Images)

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your doctor can diagnose a splenic artery aneurysm via ultrasound or CT scan. Treatment will largely depend on the size of the aneurysm. Surgical intervention may be required, says the NYT.

Ultrasound can be used in diagnosis.
Ultrasound can be used in diagnosis. (Image: Alexander Raths/iStock/Getty Images)

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