A complete hysterectomy is a surgery performed on a female to remove the entire uterus. The surgery can be performed vaginally, laparoscopically or abdominally. The surgical approach depends on the individual, and side effects after a complete hysterectomy vary.
Changes in Hormonal Balance
If the patient is premenopausal, changes in hormonal balance will occur after a complete hysterectomy. The ovaries are no longer able to produce hormones.
The sudden hormonal shock after a complete hysterectomy can cause an onset of early menopause. This is different from a natural menopause, as the symptoms (such as hot flashes) are rapid.
Women who undergo a complete hysterectomy are likely to experience fatigue immediately following the surgery. This fatigue can last throughout the recovery process.
A decrease in bone density and therefore a greater risk of developing osteoporosis after a complete hysterectomy is possible. This is attributed to the drop in estrogen levels after the procedure, because estrogen is linked to calcium in the bones.
Some women experience sexual side effects after a complete hysterectomy, because the vagina is shortened and closed into a pocket. Some women also find that lubrication during arousal is lessened or eliminated entirely.