Reasons for High LH Hormone Levels Other Than Menopause

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LH (or luteinizing hormone) is produced by the body and, in women, regulates pregnancy, menstruation and ovulation. Men also produce LH, which assists the testicles in the production and secretion of testosterone. Abnormally high LH levels may indicate menopause or the presence of certain medical conditions.

Anovulation

High LH levels are seen in anovulation, in which the ovaries do not consistently release an egg each month, causing fertility problems. Treatment involves diet, exercise modification, managing stress and using medications to encourage ovulation.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by abnormal menstrual bleeding and abdominal pain from elevated luteinizing hormone levels. The condition results in cysts forming on the ovaries, disrupting ovulation. Medications (like Clomid) or surgery can minimize symptoms and improve fertility.

Ovarian Failure

Ovarian failure may be caused by developmental problems (like chromosomal abnormalities or failure to develop ovaries); premature ovarian failure (caused by autoimmune diseases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy) or chronic anovulation (caused by PCOS, an ovarian tumor, thyroid disease or adrenal disease).

Precocious Puberty

Precocious puberty results from high LH levels. It is defined as the exhibition of signs of puberty before the age of 7 to 8 in girls or 9 in boys. Emotional difficulties, physical embarrassment and occasionally signs of an underlying medical condition are associated with early puberty.

Abnormally High LH Levels In Men

High LH levels in men indicate the removal or absence of testicles, testicular failure (due to cancer, chemotherapy treatment, injury or mumps) or a chromosomal abnormality like Klinefelter syndrome.

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