Side Effects of a Concussion


Concussions are dangerous not only because they interfere with the workings of your brain, but also because they are hard to spot. Many people suffer concussions and only realize it after they have healed, if at all. Recognizing the side effects of a concussion can help you know if you or someone you are with is concussed and in need of medical attention.

X-ray of the brain and skull
X-ray of the brain and skull (Image: Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images)


The most common symptom of a concussion is confusion. This includes disorientation and memory problems such as temporary amnesia.

Confused man
Confused man (Image: Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images)

Physical Side Effects

Physical side effects that can be recognized by the person suffering the concussion include dizziness, headache and nausea.There may also be a ringing in the ears and increased sensitivity to sound and lights.

Man with headache
Man with headache (Image: Polka Dot Images/Polka Dot/Getty Images)

Speech Problems

Slurred speech is an easily recognizable sign of a concussion. Due to confusion, the concussed individual may cease to make sense when speaking.

Slurred speech
Slurred speech (Image: BananaStock/BananaStock/Getty Images)

Children's Symptoms

Children who suffer from concussions may become irritable, lose energy, become unsteady on their feet or even lose consciousness.

Irritable child
Irritable child (Image: Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images)

Long-Term Side Effects

Concussions can cause long-term brain damage. Frequent concussions--such as those experienced by football players--can cause sleep problems, mental disorders and even depression.

Depressed man
Depressed man (Image: Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images)

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