Tuberculosis, which was once a fairly common condition, is now considered to be a "rare disease" by the National Organization of Rare Diseases. A bacterial infection that affects the lungs, kidney, respiratory system and the spine, tuberculosis can be deadly. This condition has a variety of different names, however, so it's important to know the aliases that tuberculosis goes by.
Perhaps the most common name of tuberculosis was consumption. This name was associated with the eventual deterioration of the person's health, as well as his lungs.
The obvious choice of nickname, tuberculosis is often shortened to simply TB. This name is used when a person is tested, simply called a TB test.
Robert Koch was the German doctor who discovered the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. As such, it's sometimes referred to as Koch's disease.
This name refers to the fact that a person who has tuberculosis begins to waste away. The symptoms of tuberculosis first steal a person's energy, and then her physical mass as she "wastes" or is "consumed."
Another name for tuberculosis, though not one that's used often anymore, is "white plague"--white refers to the victims' loss of skin color and plague refers to the high death rate.
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