Vertigo is a type of dizziness that causes the illusion of movement. An inner ear infection called labyrinthitis that affects the fluids responsible for balance is the most common cause of vertigo.
Labyrinthitis can be caused by bacteria or viruses and can be secondary to an upper respiratory infection or occur on their own.
Symptoms of an inner ear infection with vertigo include nausea and vomiting, eyes that drift slowly then snap back, and loss of balance.
The presence of vertigo is usually a good indication of an ear infection. A examination of the ear and blood work can also provide a diagnosis.
Antibiotics are prescribed for bacterial infections. Anti-nausea and antihistamines may be given to relieve the vertigo. In severe cases, surgery may be required to drain the excess fluid.
The most common risk related to inner ear infections with vertigo is injury to yourself or others related to loss of balance.