When it comes to moral development, no one has been more influential than Lawrence Kohlberg. As you learn about moral development, you will find that Kohlberg is spoken about frequently. His theory is taught in universities around the world.
Obedience and Punishment
Individuals in Kohlberg's first stage will make moral decisions because they don't want a tangible punishment for breaking the rules.
Individualism and Exchange
In Kohlberg's second stage, moral decisions are based on moral reciprocity. An "I'll scratch your back, if you scratch mine" attitude characterizes this stage.
Good Interpersonal Relationships
The expectations of others and personal relationships govern moral development in Kohlberg's third stage. Individuals in this stage believe that you should live up to the expectations of the community.
Maintaining Social Order
Similar to stage three, stage four of Kohlberg's theory is governed by other people. Those who are in this stage feel that society has rules and order for a reason. For these individuals, breaking that order would be against the greater good of society.
Social Contract and Individual Rights
Individuals in Kohlberg's fifth stage of moral development hold individual rights in high regard. In this stage, individuals believe that a good society is best seen as a social contract. When you freely enter this contract to work for the benefit of all, you are making a good society.
Principles of justice define Kohlberg's last stage. In this stage, justice for all is the deciding factor of morality.
- Photo Credit Marcelo Gerpe: http://www.sxc.hu/
Definition of Moral Development
Many parents want to raise their children to be of good moral values. Morality is a critical part of human development, the...
How to Compare and Contrast Piaget and Kohlberg
Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist born in 1896 who is famous for his theories of child development. Piaget's theories focused...
How to Apply Kohlberg's Theory in the Classroom
Lawrence Kohlberg's theory on moral development can be applied to the classroom where rules, standards, and consequences are concerned. The theory tracks...
Kohlberg's Moral Stages for Children
While working at Harvard University, Dr. Lawrence Kohlberg, a cognitive-developmental psychologist, developed a hierarchy of human moral development. His model, which consists...
What Are Moral Theories?
Moral theories are sets of moral beliefs organized into a cohesive statement. They provide followers with consistent standards for ethical behavior. Well...
Piaget's Two-Stage Theory of Moral Development
Moral development and education is a topic of interest to educators and parents as they are faced with social problems in their...