What Foods Are Grown in Spain?

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Spain is a country rich in agriculture. The varied landscape has mild coastal regions as well as arid mountains with extreme temperature variations. From fruits and vegetables to wine and spices, Spain has an abundance of native crops.

Spain's varied landscape includes mild coastal regions.
Spain's varied landscape includes mild coastal regions.

Citrus and Other Fruits

Spain's Mediterranean coastal regions are legendary for supplying the world with oranges and mandarins. Grapefruit, lemons and limes also are abundant crops. Spain's orchards include apples, pears, peaches, figs, apricots, cherries and nuts.

Citrus crops are abundant.
Citrus crops are abundant.

Vegetables

Spain's highly irrigated Mediterranean coastal areas also produced Western Europe's highest yield of onions. Other crops that grow well in the region are potatoes, tomatoes, cabbages, peppers and string beans.

Onions are grown on Spain's Mediterranean coast.
Onions are grown on Spain's Mediterranean coast.

Olives

Spain is the biggest producer and exporter of olives and olive oil, with Italy being its nearest rival. Olives are grown in almost every region except the humid northern and northwestern coastal areas. Spain's olive production fluctuates due to temperature changes but has reached 3.3 million tons per year.

Olives are an important export.
Olives are an important export.

Wine

Boasting more land devoted to vineyards than anywhere in the world, Spain makes a lot of wine. Unfortunately, the grapes are grown in poor soil and the wine is of lower quality than many other wineries around the world.

Vineyards are abundant in Spain.
Vineyards are abundant in Spain.

Saffron

This costly spice is the prize of Spain. Grown mainly in south central Spain just below Madrid, this gourmet spice can fetch up to $90 an oz. wholesale as of August 2009. Chefs from the world's finest restaurants want only Spanish saffron for some of their prized dishes.

Spanish saffron is in demand by fine restaurants.
Spanish saffron is in demand by fine restaurants.

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