Truffle mushrooms are a type of fungi that grows underground near tree roots. They are one of the most coveted and, as a result, most expensive foods in the world, and can cost hundreds of dollars per pound.
Ohio State University states that there are more than 200 varieties of truffle mushrooms, but the most commonly available types are white truffles, black winter truffles, black summer truffles and the Bianchetto truffle.
Truffle mushrooms are generally available seasonally between September and May.
According to the Mycological Society of San Francisco, truffle mushrooms are grown in the United States, Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
Harvesting truffle mushrooms is a tedious process that requires carefully digging them from underground. Truffle harvesters can use pigs or dogs to find the truffles, or utilize a small hand rake to carefully uncover them.
Truffle mushrooms can be sliced and sprinkled onto meat dishes, pasta sauces, or soups. They can also be used to flavor cooking oils and butter.
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