Symptoms of Bronchitis in Toddlers

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Bronchitis in toddlers most often begins as a respiratory infection and continues to develop in the throat, nose and airways of the child. It is more prevalent in children who are exposed to second-hand smoke, chemical vapor and polluted air. Bronchitis can last for up to 2 weeks.

Definition

  • Bronchitis develops when the bronchial tubes become swollen. As air passes to and from the lungs, heavy mucus develops, blocking the airway.

Symptoms

  • Continuous hacking, which can result in gagging and vomiting; dry or wet cough, green or yellow thick mucus; wheezing; upper chest pain; and a fever of 100 degrees or more are all symptoms of bronchitis in toddlers.

Diagnosis

  • When a toddler has acute bronchitis, a chest X-ray and a blood test is usually done. This is to determine if something more serious, like pneumonia, is causing the symptoms.

Treatment

  • Bronchitis normally goes away without treatment, but there are measures that can be taken to make the child more comfortable. Place a humidifier in the child's room, provide liquids for the child at all times, do not allow anyone to smoke around the child, and a prescribed inhaler helps with the wheezing and tightness in the chest.

Risks

  • Most toddlers recover completely from bronchitis with no side effects.

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  • Photo Credit The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition | Date: 2008 | Columbia University Press.
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