Lower back pain may be a result of improper bending or lifting, excessive exercise, chronic diseases or pregnancy. According to the Mayo Clinic, women are more likely than men to experience lower back pain due to hormonal influences on the bones as well as physical changes during pregnancy. Women whose back pain does not improve within 72 hours of rest and self care should seek medical evaluation.
Pregnancy can cause lower back pain in women due to added weight and the change in center of gravity of the body.
Premenstrual syndrome and menstrual cramps may cause lower back aches and pain in women during the days right before and during their periods.
Osteoporosis can cause fractures of the spine which result in pain in the lower back, and is common among women after menopause.
According to the Mayo Clinic, arthritis commonly affects the joints of the spine and can lead to lower back pain in women.
Sciatica is when a herniated disk in the spine compresses the nerve that travels down the leg, causing sharp or shooting pains and is common during pregnancy.
Regular exercise such as walking or using an elliptical trainer, especially during pregnancy can strengthen the muscles and improve support of the lower back to reduce back pain.
Lower back pain that spreads down the legs, is accompanied by bladder or bowel incontinence or a throbbing pain in the abdomen may be a serious or life threatening condition and requires urgent medical treatment.