According to SteadyHealth.com (see Resources), Vitamin B is not a single vitamin, but is actually a combination of them. The group comprises eight vitamins altogether: B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12. When a person suffers from a deficiency in Vitamin B, they can develop such health problems as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), pellagra (a wasting disease caused by malnutrition) and anemia (impairment of the red blood cells).
Vitamins B1 and B2
Vitamin B1 is also known as Thiamine. Per SteadyHealth,com, the vitamin helps protect the body from the effects of poor nutrition that are created through such situations as alcoholism or an improper diet. Vitamin B2, or Riboflavin, provides energy and prevents a deficiency called ariboflavinosis that can cause such problems as sensitivity to sunlight and hyperemia.
According to OrganicFacts.net, Vitamin B3 (Niacin) serves a plethora of purposes. It reduces and controls cholesterol, aids digestion, soothes arthritis and improves circulation and memory.
Pantothenic acid, or Vitamin B5 is a water-soluble vitamin. eNotAlone.com (see Resources) indicates that it is a good supplement for people suffering from severe malnutrition since panothenic acid is necessary to all life and its consumption helps the body's organs perform their necessary functions.
VitaminStuff.com (see Resources) says that the benefits of Pyridoxine, or Vitamin B6, include converting food into energy, treating premenstrual syndrome, regulating hormones and fighting heart disease.
Vitamin B7 also goes by the name of Biotin. OrganicFacts.net recommends it for regulating blood sugar, ensuring the proper function of the metabolism, maintaining the body's tissues and keeping your skin and hair healthy.
Vitamin B9 is commonly known as Folic acid. VitaminStuff.com (see Resources) reports that Vitamin B9 can help prevent cancer of the lung, cervix and colon, as well as heart disease and stroke, and combat colitis and bronchial cells in smokers that have turned abnormal or precancerous.
NutraSanus.com credits Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) with providing good support for emotional health, better energy and reducing the risk of heart disease.