Receptive language includes all the ways people comprehend language. Because deaf children can't hear people around them speaking, their receptive language skills typically suffer, and they may take longer to develop an understanding of language. As deaf children develop, their receptive language skills can be measured according to several different criteria: the ability to understand sign language, hand signals or the written word; the ability to lip read; and, if a child has some hearing, her ability to comprehend speech.
Under pressure from the United States Department of Education, schools across the country are striving to get digital textbooks into the hands of all students by the fall of 2017. One of the biggest problems with this technological change is the cost of supplying both e-readers and digital texts to the students.
Your football team is chowing down at a pizza place; do you say "our team IS eating" or "our team ARE eating?" Writers using collective nouns, which are nouns that name groups composed of things, usually people -- army, audience, council, board, class, firm -- are often unsure whether to use plural or singular verbs for agreement. They are writing about one thing, but the "thing" has several "things" in it.
The Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test 2.0, or FCAT 2.0, is given to fifth-grade students to measure their progress in math, science and reading. The test is designed to measure a student's progress and to ensure that a school is meeting its accountability standards for student education. Fifth-grade students do not need to receive a certain score to "pass" the test or to move on to the next grade since the test is only used to measure progress in this grade. The Florida Department of Education says that students who are actively engaged in class throughout the year don't need any…
Parents, educators and policymakers debate the benefits and drawbacks of ability tracking. While some say it benefits both gifted and struggling students, others worry it stigmatizes struggling students and interferes with their educational progress. Schools can adopt different approaches to ability tracking; some schools opt to track students within a classroom, by breaking them into groups by ability, while others track students by placing them in different classrooms and programs depending upon their academic success.
Even on a good day, scaling a mountain may seem easier than writing a five-sentence paragraph. It may help you to know that even professional writers have days like this, so try doing what they do: strap on your “hiking boots” and begin with your laces. In other words, begin with the basics by prewriting, or at least organizing your thoughts. You don’t have to write full sentences yet; just jotting down some preliminary thoughts and ideas should help you get started. Once you tie these “laces” together, your paragraph should come together with relative ease.
Little is more terrifying to parents than the prospect of violence in school, and students can suffer from both physical and mental health problems when they don't feel safe at school. While acts of severe violence, such as shootings, are still relatively rare, less severe forms of violence such as fighting and bullying remain common.
States across the country have responded to the growing concern about school bullying by passing important legislation. While the numerous state laws have much in common, each law is unique, offering something different in its attempt to curb bullying. Almost all of these laws include defining bullying and then instructing local school districts in how to form bullying prevention policies.
Students should be able to demonstrate command of standard English grammar, capitalization and punctuation in their written work by the end of fourth grade. Teaching fourth-graders to write proper sentences requires teachers to build on the skills students have from previous grades. By ensuring that students have a solid understanding of the parts of a sentence, the parts of speech and the appropriate use of punctuation, teachers can guide upper elementary students in putting together complex and meaningful proper sentences.
Native American mythology is a marvelous tool for teaching imagery, as it is rooted in pictorial effects. Like all literature, it presents visually, but its folktales also evoke imagery through auditory and kinesthetic means. Native American folktales not only supply mental images but also give students an understanding of the meanings, history and archetypes associated with them.
Students fail classes for reasons ranging from lack of interest to personal issues such as medical conditions, family tragedies and economic problems. Melissa Nicolas, an academic dean at Drew University, estimates 50 percent of students failing courses have legitimate reasons, and some teachers or deans allow these students other grade options that include taking an incomplete or dropping the class. Sometimes, teachers give students the earned F grade as a learning experience. This failure helps the student understand to look for help immediately when trouble happens during the school year and to learn to deal with life's challenges.
In fifth grade, the topics of fractions, subtraction and borrowing occur in the context of a unit on operations with mixed fractions, also known as mixed numbers. A mixed number is a combination of a whole number and a fraction, such as 5 3/4. If the fraction portion of the mixed number being subtracted is larger than the fraction portion of the number from which it’s being subtracted, borrowing will be required. Subtracting fractions in this form can initially seem tricky, but can be successfully completed in four steps. An understanding of the basic concepts of fractions -- such as…
Rainfall is important to everyone. All living things need water to live, and rain provides us with a water supply. We use rain for drinking water -- for people, animals and plants. Without water we would have no food, and no way to keep clean. Without water we could not survive, so keeping track of rainfall gives us important information about our ability to survive.
Questioning and summarizing before, during and after reading signify reading with purpose. Deeper and more meaningful reading comprehension takes place when readers can make personal connections with the text, and questioning and summarizing facilitates this level of comprehension.
When young students understand the concept of sets, they gain a foundation for future mathematical ideas. A set is a mathematical way to represent a group or collection, and elementary students understand sets better when they see, touch and experience them. When you introduce sets in your class, provide opportunities to manipulate and sort groups of objects before progressing to written exercises.
Reading is a core component of every school's curriculum -- particularly during the early years of schooling -- because this life skill affects virtually everything people do, and is essential for even the most menial jobs. Students who have poor reading skills have greatly diminished prospects in education, career options and everyday tasks.
Repeated reading is an activity teachers conduct with students to improve a child's overall reading ability. Teachers choose a passage, usually from a non-familiar text, and have students read it several times over the course of a few days to a week. Teachers can use repeated readings in a small group, whole group or one-on-one setting as an intensive intervention. Research from the National Center for Children with Disabilities and The National Reading Panel concludes that repeated readings have positive effects on fluency and comprehension.
Complex chemical reactions you study in chemistry courses aren't just scientific novelties. They're the products of interactions that can be represented using equations. Consequently, algebra and chemistry functions are inextricably linked, and students generally need a basic understanding of algebra to be able to dissect chemistry problems and understand what's behind a chemical reaction.
By 2011, there were over 500 single sex public schooling programs in the U.S., according to the National Association for Single Sex Public Education. Whether you're a parent who is considering sending your child to a single sex school, or an educator who wants to learn more about the alternatives to a co-ed academic environment, tackling the subject of single sex schools means understanding the benefits of these scenarios. When it comes to a single sex school setting, a child's personal development -- including self-esteem -- can grow and flourish without some of the obstacles that a co-educational program includes.
Students are taking an increasingly wide variety of standardized tests, and these tests can impact the future of both an individual student and the school she attends. It can be challenging to discern what a standardized test does or doesn't mean, and there is significant crossover between types of tests. However, testing experts generally break tests down into three categories -- achievement, aptitude and intelligence quotient.
Teaching the subjunctive mood in adverbial clauses requires an understanding of both constructions: put simply, a subjunctive is a wish that hasn't happened yet, combined with an adverb that tells when, where, how or why it might happen. Students should first understand that the subjunctive mood is a special and somewhat rare usage, and it is included in adverbial clauses in sentences that express a thought or desire that is unfulfilled.
Almost every educational task requires reading, from writing a book report to studying for science class. Students with poor reading proficiency are at a marked disadvantage relative to other students and may experience significant frustration during their educational careers. This can increase their risk of ultimately dropping out of school.
While making cuts to literacy initiatives or math programs may seem cringe-worthy, "extras" such as music and other arts subjects are typically the first to go when a school's budget starts to buckle. When budget cuts negatively impact music education programs, the students often suffer from a lack of quality teacher specialists and the inability to explore -- and learn through -- the arts.
Students get an introduction to money in kindergarten, but the first-grade curriculum often goes beyond just recognizing the different coins to include counting and adding them. Learning centers give the students an individualized way to practice working with money. With basic materials you probably already have in the classroom, you can put together money-based learning centers for your first-grade students.
The Common Core State Standards Initiative provides required mathematics skills for each grade level. The standards for first through fifth grade include the general topics of operations and algebraic thinking, number and operations in base ten, measurement and data, and geometry. Specific skills in each of these categories at the second grade level include extending understanding of base-ten notation, building fluency with addition and subtraction, using standard units of measure and describing and analyzing shapes.
Scientific notation is a way of writing very small or very large numbers. It consists of a number greater than or equal to one, but less than ten, multiplied by a power of ten. Large numbers are written with a positive exponent, while small numbers have a negative exponent. For example, 9,800,000 can be expressed in scientific notation as 9.8 x 10^6, and 0.000024 is written 2.4 x 10^-5. Students typically learn how to work with scientific notation in middle school, and might be surprised to learn some interesting facts about it.
The Cognitive Abilities Test, or CogAT, is used in elementary schools to measure students' verbal and reasoning skills. Many students across the nation take the CogAT each year, and because the test is nationally normed, students are compared with national percentile levels. Parents need to learn about the CogAT to understand how it is being used in their child's school.
Parents fed up with their local public schools may turn to private schools as an alternative educational option. These schools allow parents to choose and pay for the specific type of education their children receive, and there are both religious and secular options. Not all areas have all types of private schools, and there is significant variability with school quality, so be sure to read up on the school you choose before enrolling your child.
Inclusion, in education, is the practice of educating students with diagnosed disabilities alongside students without diagnosed disabilities in a general education setting. There are two main forms of inclusion practiced in schools -- full and partial. Though some inclusion programs have existed in schools since the early 1900s, the use of inclusion models became increasingly prevalent in the early 2000s in the wake of amendments made to the 1978 Individuals With Disabilities Education Act.
More and more, art classes have become casualties of tight school budgets. Only 60 percent of high schools require art and nearly four million elementary school students have no visual art education, according to a 2012 Department of Education study. However, studies show that art classes help low-income students catch up to wealthier peers. Art classes prepare all students for later success in college, the workforce and life.
Narrative refers to both the arc of a story and the narrated parts of that story. In both cases, narrative's purpose is to give structure to a tale. Dialogue is the speech of the story's characters; it also moves the narrative line forward. Both narrative and dialogue accomplish telling a tale in written or spoken union, but each technique makes a different contribution to the final effect.
In education, "independent reading" is a phrase used to describe both a time in the day set aside for students to read independently, often in books of their own choosing, and the actual act of reading independently. Faced with the task of monitoring the independent reading habits and progress of an entire class, teachers often find fun and creative ways to hold students accountable for the work they have done while reading independently. Reading logs, reader's response, reading conferences and graphic organizers are four of the most common ways to ensure accountability.
William Bradford's personal journal of the Plymouth adventure, "Of Plymouth Plantation," is a foundational work that gives an insider's view of the colony founded by the Mayflower Pilgrims in 1620. Its primary areas for study include Bradford's views on religious identification, his balanced reporting style and his passion at the colony's decline.
Zora Neale Hurston's autobiography "Dust Tracks on a Road" divides itself into chronological and thematic categories, including her origins in dirt-poor Alabama, her mental explorations of "figure and fancy" in discovering literature, and her thoughts on racial and feminist issues. In each section, however, her autobiography is surprising as much for what it leaves out as for what it discusses.
A paragraph is not just a unit of writing; it consists of a number of sentences, each structured to prove a point, show a process, respond to a question or persuade an audience. However, the rules for breaking up, or analyzing, most paragraphs to facilitate writing skills are fairly simple.
The titles of students' classes and educational programs don't always reveal what the programs mean. Parents may be confused by exceptional and special education programs. At some schools, these programs mean the same thing, while at others, students may be tracked into exceptional education programs if they are perceived as gifted.
The form of literature is its genre: short story, poem, novel, play or fable. The content of the piece is its story, what it's about. The enjoyment found in reading and studying literature comes when students consider the importance of these two elements, with each clarifying the other.
Imagine walking into a classroom and saying, "What are we going to learn today?" Could be a marvel, could be a nightmare. A curriculum is designed to prevent the unknown. It contains educational plans for a topic, including goals, general content and student interactions, resources and assessment. Curriculum indicates what material students ought to learn or what instructors are required to teach. It influences what teachers do in the classroom, what students experience, and what is on the final exam. It's a complicated topic. Developing and using a set curriculum has distinct advantages and disadvantages.
Due in part to the No Child Left Behind Act, children are being assessed at a much more frequent rate than before 2001. There are a variety of assessments that students take during their K-12 careers, and it is best to know what type of test students are taking, as well as what the test is supposed to measure.
School districts have the right and responsibility to generate policies regarding student conduct, which is at the core of a safe, positive educational environment. Suspension from school is a common sanction issued to students for failure to comply with school policies. The length of suspension is usually contingent upon the level of misconduct and may range from 1 to 180 days. Check your student handbook or district website for information about expectations, sanctions and due process.
Diction in poetry is word choice. The diction of a poem can convey connotation, which includes the feelings a word evokes, as well as the poet's attitude toward his theme. You can also discuss a poem's diction based on the word's scansion, application and symbolism. Finally, a teacher can find fascinating lessons in discussing a poet's word choices for their unexpected effects.
"Daniel's Story" is a fascinating mirror to Elie Wiesel's "Night" -- both have young male Jews thrust into the center of unspeakable horrors, and both are rightly acclaimed by the Holocaust Museum as examinations of the period from a victim's point of view. Unlike "Night," however, "Daniel's Story" uses its fictional structure to examine themes of oppression, religious sensibility, human resilience and fragmented memory.
Critical thinkers do not blindly accept what they are told. Instead, they explore all information as possibilities for greater understanding. They filter information through the lenses of their experience, observations and reasoning. Without critical-thinking skills, people would be automatons who could not think for themselves. There are a variety of ways to teach critical-thinking skills to gifted and mainstream children, but at the heart of these methods is the encouragement to look at situations from multiple angles.
States grant teaching licenses to prospective teachers who meet specific requirements and demonstrate their readiness to teach. Most state requirements include the completion of a post-secondary teacher training program (or state-approved alternative certificate program), as well as passing of standardized tests (such as Praxis) and a criminal background check.
Freshman English, the start of high school, is an excellent time to introduce students to genres of literature they may not have encountered in middle school, reinforce literary devices they know from previous studies and add to their academic vocabulary. There are a number of fine English literature texts at this level. Here are three worth considering:
Math problems are even trickier to write from scratch than they are to solve, especially for students who are still developing higher-order, operational and abstract thinking skills. When assigning or assisting this kind of activity, provide plenty of structure so that students can approach the challenge in an organized, sequential method.
Students usually write thank you letters for one of two situations: to thank a donor for a financial sponsorship or to conduct a job-related followup to an interview that has already taken place. For either kind of thank you, the format of the letter is best and simplest when it follows what Franklin Roosevelt called the "three Bs": "be sincere, be brief, be [done]."
It is essential that faculty and school school feel proud to belong to their schools. The most effective schools are those where sense of pride is high and needs are met. Though there are many factors involved in the efficiency and productivity of teachers, low morale is the most detrimental because it affects the quality of student education.
While most students are able to attend schools without behavioral issues, some need behavioral interventions in order to function successfully in the classroom. School personnel will need to evaluate students by using both observational tools and testing in order to determine the most appropriate and effective intervention for each student.
Double shift schools, in which students either attend in the morning or the afternoon/evening, have been in use throughout the world since the early 20th century. There are observers who believe double shift schools are a way to save resources and give students flexibility. Others believe double shift schools may be a disservice to their students.
Physical skill development is a prerequisite for an active lifestyle. Children and adolescents should do at least one hour of physical activity each day, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When children gain confidence and proficiency in locomotor movements, they’re more apt to explore sport and recreation options. This article focuses on the side gallop, but any skill that is developmentally and age appropriate -- hopping, skipping, jumping -- can be substituted to encourage physical activity.
For many students, involvement in music, dance or theater programs is the gateway to a renewed enthusiasm for school and better self-esteem. Although budget cuts and a new emphasis on standardized testing have led to program cuts, 93 percent of Americans believe the fine arts are necessary for a solid education, according to a 2005 Harris Poll. From better social skills to improved chances of school retention, the skills of fine arts performance offer numerous benefits.
Residential and therapeutic boarding schools provide 24-7 living quarters and full-time educational opportunities for children, generally ages 13 and over. However, not all residential boarding schools offer therapeutic services, often referred to as emotional-growth treatments. Many residential boarding schools focus on academics, sports and extracurricular opportunities and don't offer specific programs to address behavioral issues. Therapeutic boarding schools offer specialized clinical treatments for students who suffer from mental disorders, substance abuse or have difficulty with socialization.
People may quit school for any number for explanations, but the top reasons dropouts have in common fall into three categories: interactions, economy and a sense of cultural affinity. In other words, dropouts leave school because they cannot get along with teachers/students, need to work or feel as if they don't belong in their school's culture.
Much of the discussion on improving the status of U.S. academics in global rankings has centered on extended school years. However, longer school days -- an option that's talked about less frequently than a longer school year -- may actually provide more educational benefits to kids. Some districts have opted for 10-hour days as opposed to the traditional 8-hour school day.
Teacher evaluation criteria are determined at the state or district level. Evaluation goals include determining teacher effectiveness, assessing performance of students and serving as the catalyst for professional development. Teacher performance as an instructor, as a professional and as part of the larger school community appears in professional standards from state to state and district to district.
As national concerns about drugs, guns and violence rise, so has debate about school safety. In 1985, the Supreme Court ruled in New Jersey vs. T.L.O. that the Fourth Amendment, which offers protection from unreasonable searches and seizures, applies to students on school property. While some believe this law requires officials to respect students' rights to privacy while still investigating suspicious behavior, others think searches may adversely affect student safety and attitudes.
Struggling schools fail to teach students basic academic skills or to provide the training necessary to do well in college. Education advocates sometimes promote solving school problems with federal and state improvement grants, but other reform proponents note that money isn't a panacea for troubled schools. Struggling institutions typically have problems with attendance, academic planning and student behavior, and they also lack student after-school academic and sports programs. States allow intervention to help failing schools, and as of April 2013, the operations of 20 urban schools moved management and supervision to private corporations.
One of Mark Twain's most memorable characters, Huck Finn from "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" and "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer," has a narrative voice that brings authenticity to the setting, mood, characters and issues of the mid-1800s. His speech patterns, vocabulary, dialogues and tone make the stories come to life in a visual and meaningful way. Huck's dialect and commentary evoke emotions that captivate readers and help them connect with the admirable and impressionable young character.
Spatial concepts -- such as above, below, near, behind, over, last, in front of, in and on -- provide material for lessons about the relationship between a person or object and another object. These are the early learning building blocks that help build a child’s understanding of math concepts, science and technology, according to UChicagoNews.
The Teacher Dominant classroom paradigm is the traditional authoritarian principle that awards classroom teachers authority for expertise they pass on; this idea has ruled classrooms for centuries. Learner Dominant teaching relies on student-centered educational theory, and puts students and teachers into equal educational roles. Arguments for either side distill down to tradition vs. innovation.
Johanna Reiss’s autobiographical novel “The Upstairs Room” recounts her experiences hiding from the Nazis during World War II. The novel is a Newbery Honor Book, American Library Association Notable Children's Book and Jane Addams Peace Association Honor Book; it also won the Jewish Book Council Juvenile Book Award and Germany’s Buxtehuder Bulle. This book is compelling because of Reiss’s unflinching portrayal of a child’s perception of the Holocaust, seen through the lens of adult recollection.
Schools don’t formally teach geometry until students have grasped some of the more basic mathematical concepts, such as learning the math facts. Though the student may not yet be ready for advanced calculations in geometry, a good teacher can start to lay the foundations for understanding geometry in the very early years. Even preschoolers can start to learn the basics.
Within a single classroom, a teacher may have students who learn by hearing, seeing or doing. There may be special education students, gifted and talented students and average students all in the same room learning the same content. In order to reach this diverse group of students, teachers must use what is called differentiated instruction. This is when teachers adapt their teaching style and use different methods of instruction to meet the needs of all learners.
The word “disciple” means “learner” or “student.” The discipleship of children often involves teaching spiritual lessons with practical applications and introducing character traits such as honesty, gratitude, self-control, obedience, diligence and forgiveness. While there are a number of lessons to illustrate these concepts, the best way to teach the traits of a good disciple is by example. As children look up to you and study your behavior, they should notice characteristics that they don't yet possess and possibly don't even understand. That is where verbal instruction comes into play.
Students at risk for school failure struggle to make grades, progress from one grade to the next, adapt socially and interact with school personnel appropriately. At-risk students often miss many school days, arrive tardy or unprepared and are inconsistent in completing assignments. Some disrupt class and some try to hide from any form of interaction while at school. Any one of a number of factors can put a student at risk for school failure.
Math can be one of the most challenging subjects to master. Students at all levels, from elementary school through college, may experience difficulties with math from time to time or on a consistent basis. However, there are steps students can take to improve their math skills, comprehension and, ultimately, test scores.
Bullying is a major problem in schools throughout America, and the effects on victims can be long-lasting and painful. With the advent of the Internet, bullies now have an open forum to create messages that hurt their victims mentally and emotionally -- which can be more damaging than having to give up milk money. Although many adults might believe bullying to be just a part of childhood, the truth is that intervening in a negative situation could make all the difference in the world to a victim.
The abstract nature of algebra can be challenging for some students, and the complex equations can leave students wondering when they might possibly use algebra in real life. While not all professions require algebra and it is generally possible to survive in life without algebra, algebra provides the basic framework for higher math and science classes, so is an absolute necessity for people who want to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and math. And even if you never take another math or science class again, knowing the basics of algebra can make solving everyday puzzles easier.
For adults accustomed to making safety decisions, the distinction between a potentially dangerous stranger and an innocuous friend might seem obvious. But for children, the distinction isn't clear. A friendly looking man holding a puppy and opening the door to a van might seem like an ideal friend, while a gruff-looking police officer offering help can seem intimidating. It's not enough to teach children that all people they know are good and all strangers are bad because, according to the American Psychological Association, 90 percent of children are abused by someone they know.
School funding is frequently the topic of contentious political debates. More money means more access to supplies and higher teacher pay, which can improve student outcomes, but some numbers also indicate that more money in and of itself doesn't necessarily improve school quality. It may be that the effect of funding depends on how effectively the money is used.
For years it has been thought girls were struggling learners in a male dominated classroom, but research now points to something very different. With 60 percent of college students as young women, many educators are asking, Why the shift? Boys who graduate from high school still seem to be unmotivated and unprepared for post secondary schools, but with 80 percent of layoffs in the workforce affecting men, college degrees are important.
Teaching students with disabilities in an inclusive setting refers to educating these students in a regular classroom as opposed to more restrictive settings like resource rooms or self-contained classrooms. Not only does federal law require this type of setting but it also has advantages for all students. However, it's important to note that although there are benefits, inclusion classes are not appropriate for all students.
According to the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children in 2011, 118 countries have outlawed corporal punishment in schools. The United States is not one of them. The American Civil Liberties Union and the Human Rights Watch, in a joint 2010 statement, claim that in the United States “each year, hundreds of thousands of students are subjected to corporal punishment in public schools.” As of 2011, corporal punishment is legal in 19 states.
Fifty years ago, boys couldn't wear T-shirts to high school, and girls weren't allowed to wear pants. School dress codes continually evolve along with fashions of the day. Some school districts keep updating their dress codes to include additional objectionable items or fads. Others are giving up the daily policing of clothing rules by switching to uniforms instead. Meanwhile, students, parents and concerned citizens fight for what they believe is their right to free expression.
Prayer in schools is a confusing and controversial topic. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution says, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof….” This is why schools must maintain a neutral stance regarding school prayer, neither encouraging nor disallowing it at the same time. Consequently, schools administrators have difficulty determining when school prayer violates the Constitution.
It's time to get up for school. You can sleep a few more minutes or get up for breakfast. If you skip breakfast, you're not alone -- 8 to 12 percent of children and at least 20 percent of teens don't eat before school. Kids pass up breakfast for a variety of reasons: lack of time, no appetite, weight loss or lack of food in the home. However, research studies indicate that breakfast contributes to school performance.
"The technology investment in schools worldwide has increased more than a hundredfold in the last two decades," according to the authors of "Bridging the Gap: Technology Trends and Use of Technology in Schools." The report states that schools have not seen the expected improvements from this investment; they are neither more effective nor more efficient. However, in the United States, there is some indication that technology has the potential to decrease the achievement gap.
Educational psychology without Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky is like rock music without the Beatles and Rolling Stones. The theories of these two psychologists follow the view that learning is shaped by the interactions a person has with his or her environment. Piaget’s theory organizes the development of learning into four stages, whereas Vygotsky’s model offers no clear demarcation lines. According to Vygotsky’s theories, culture and social interaction fuel learning. There is an optimal area to learn, and it is called the zone of proximal development.
Today’s students face many different types of tests throughout the school year, but standardized math and reading tests provide valuable information about a student’s progress. Sometimes low math scores are not the result of poor math skills but an inability to read the test properly. So working on some specific reading skills could also result in a boost in math scores as well.
Annual Yearly Progress is a tool required by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 that alerts districts and the state to poorly performing schools. AYP is intended to identify schools not making progress according to standards set by the state. Schools and districts that fail to make progress when it comes to meeting those standards will have action taken against them, depending how many consecutive years the school has failed to meet expectations.
It's difficult to label math students "good" or "bad," so it's better to think of them in terms of being either successful learners or undisciplined in their practices. Math concepts build off one another, so a successful math student effectively learns one mathematical principle before moving on to the next. Strong math students don't always get every answer correct, but they think through problems logically and methodically, so they can easily find and correct mistakes.
Children spend an average of seven to nine hours a day in school. Health programs in schools target detection and locate treatment for minor ailments and serious illnesses that could impede learning or affect quality of life. Prevention and intervention programs in schools for physical and emotional health services should be an ongoing priority for educators, parents and the community. Informal assessment of overall daily health by teachers who see children regularly is the first part of a comprehensive overview of childhood well-being.
In 2010, more than one-third of children in the U.S. were obese, and the rate of both childhood and adolescent obesity has increased by almost 20 percent since 1980. Since some children may consume half of their meals at school, childhood obesity has become a national epidemic for schools, too.
In addition to overseeing the school's teaching staff and curriculum to make sure students are receiving proper instruction, the principal is responsible for implementing their district's policies on school safety guidelines. With the increased, and continually increasing, instances of violence in schools, as well as the possibility of natural disasters, the principal needs to stay current on school safety guidelines and keep their staff apprised of these guidelines.
Many students have asked their teachers, "Why do we have to learn this?" or complained to a parent while doing homework, "I'll never need this stuff!" Seeing the relevance in what they are learning is important for student motivation and success. Geometry is a subject that has many real-life applications -- both at work and at play, and builds thinking skills and background knowledge that students need in other classes.
Each generation of educators faces new challenges, and the explosion in technology with this generation means electronics are a common sight in schools across the country. These tools can give students and teachers access to a virtually infinite stream of information, but they can also create classroom distractions and discipline problems.
Every day an average of 7,000 American students drop out of public schools. Of those students, 5 percent are public school students attending non year-round schools and only 2 percent are public school students attending year-round schools. American schools are coming up short when it comes to preparing students for the 21st-century global workforce, and many districts are looking to year-round calendars as a way to retain students and raise both morale and student achievement.
Twenty percent of high school students have recently experienced bullying, according to a 2011 survey by the Centers for Disease Control, and the National Bullying Prevention Center claims that more than 160,000 students miss school every day because of it. Bullying can take many forms, and the emotional effects are serious for all involved.
The importance of time in school first gained national attention in the 1980s after the National Commission on Education Excellence’s report, “A Nation at Risk,” suggested that content, expectations and time needed improvement in American schools. Few states took action, but after No Child Left Behind passed in 2001, dozens of proposals nationwide were placed to extend the school year in an attempt to improve student achievement, raise test scores and lessen the achievement gap among students of different socioeconomic statuses.
"Flowers for Algernon," by Daniel Keyes, is perhaps the most single-minded story ever written, primarily because it is the reflections, in diary entries, of a single mind. The mind is that of Charlie Gordon, a mentally disabled patient who undergoes surgery to increase his intelligence; Algernon is a lab mouse who has been similarly altered. In teaching Keyes' characterization of Charlie, the instructor should concentrate on tone, idiom and irony.
The academic pressures that K-12 students face in contemporary America are strong, and bullying is a problem that can not only negatively influence the way a student performs academically, but can also cause detrimental social problems. In order for school systems to stop bullying, they must implement strict preventative rules and regulations.
The role of a school principal can be compared to that of an effective store manager. Much as a manager receives direction from corporate headquarters, a principal is charged by a school board or district to provide leadership for the staff and ensure customer satisfaction. Just as a manager sets the tone for the business and encourages success, a principal guides teachers and staff in creating a culture where students receive the services needed and thrive in a positive environment.
Teachers use both fact-based and skills-based instruction in the classroom. A popular debate is which has more relevance in the 21st century and should, therefore, take up more instructional time. Facts are a necessary component of learning, but students also need skills to think for themselves. Concept-based teaching combines both types of instruction.
When teaching taxonomy and classification it's best to remember this mantra: It's an ever-changing family affair with its own language and structure. Learn from educator Maria Montessori, who designed the Montessori Method believing children learn a subject best by beginning with the concrete and moving to the abstract. Focus on the concrete aspects of taxonomy and classification, and leave the abstract teachings for the college professors.
A quality after school program can improve academic achievement, increase family involvement, keep kids safe and improve decision-making, according to the Afterschool Alliance. Simply giving kids a place to go after school isn't enough. Quality programs typically have certain features and characteristics that create the greatest benefit for the young participants.
For many students, the world of math makes sense because they can see the rules of addition, subtraction, division and multiplication in their everyday lives. But the progression to negative numbers can be challenging because these numbers present abstract concepts that may not be immediately understandable to students. By making the concept of negative numbers concrete, parents and educators can help students master this important mathematical concept.
Most teachers at one time or another have given instructions for an activity then watched, surprised, when the students didn't seem to know what to do. Consequently, current instructional strategies usually include demonstrating activities in front of a class. Such demonstrations model expected activity and behavior as well as provide extra support for students who need it.
Tone is a character's or author's attitude conveyed through word choices. "I'm in his class" has a detached tone; "I'm in his dumb class" is sarcastic, changed by the addition of a single word. In describing tone for a poem that has a double meaning, it's important to remember that the smallest inclusions make all the difference. The first tone described is the emotion a character might show on the surface, but careful reading will often yield details to alter the first impression.
If William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" (see references 1) is a satire, it is of the harshest variety, like the allegorical novels of George Orwell. But it can easily be classed as such: its characters and narrative line are just exaggerated enough to bring a satiric edge to Golding's microcosm of shipwrecked schoolboys turning savage.