All successful manufacturers have to fill a niche -- a certain slot in the marketplace currently occupied either by an inferior competitor or no competitor at all. Ford, throughout its history, has specialized not so much in filling niches, but carving its own. The FX2 truck package is one more example of Ford finding a way to not only fill a niche, but chip away at the wall to make a whole new one.
Chevrolet struck gold with its original S-10 mini-truck. The oil crisis and emissions standards of the 1970s forced manufacturers and the buying public to accept one of two choices: big vehicles with weak engines that could pass emissions and save fuel, or smaller vehicles that could do the same but didn't drive like constipated hippos. The 1992 model year was one of the last for Chevy's original and much-loved S-10, before the chassis started putting on weight, complexity and cost, starting with the second generation.
Chevrolet used the 2500 name on its 3/4-ton C and K trucks up to 1999. Starting in 2000, Chevy replaced the C2500 and K2500 with the Silverado name, which until that time was a name used to identify trim levels of the C and K trucks. The Chevy Suburban also had a 2500 series up until 2013 when it was dropped, leaving only the 1500.
The fuel shut-off switch in your 1999 Ford Ranger is under the glove box, behind the right-side kick panel. Turn the ignition off and ensure there are no fuel leaks before resetting the switch. If tripped, the reset button will be extended. Press the button in to reset the switch. Turn the key on for a moment to allow the fuel pump to cycle and then turn the ignition switch off and recheck for leaks. If there are no fuel leaks, start the truck.
Chevy trucks have been on the market since 1918, and the newest in the long line of bow-tie-bearing pickups -- the Silverado -- has been around since 1999. In 2001, the Silverado came in three main sizes: 1500, 2500HD and 3500HD. The 2500HD model took heat from two other long-running models, the Dodge Ram 2500 and the Ford F-250.
In some parts of the world, the idea of a monster like the Excursion is simply incomprehensible; ask almost anyone from England, France or Japan why beasts like the V-10 Excursion exists, and you'll likely get a blank stare in return. The question of fuel economy would be secondary to questions of the Excursion's viability as an entity. You almost have to feel sorry for them.
The back seat in your 2001 Ford F-150 SuperCrew is 60-40 split-bench. The seat backs fold down to a load-floor position to accommodate cargo. Pull up on the release lever below the seat cushion, near the seat belt attachment bracket, then push the seat back forward and down against the seat cushion until it locks in place.
Back when the 1951 Dodge B-Series pickup rolled out of the factory, nobody really cared about truck fuel economy. At least, little more than they cared about the fuel economy of tractors and lawnmowers. But these days, classic pickups like these are almost as popular as daily drivers as any muscle-era screamer; and that makes getting an estimate on fuel economy a slightly more relevant subject.
The 1999 model year was a rather awkward one for Chevrolet pickups, as the aging C- and K-Series pickups were on their way out, and the new Silverado line was on its way in. The new-for-1999 Silverado lineup ushered in a new series of engines, and the 5.7-liter Vortec engine saw use only as an option in the C and K 1500, and as the standard engine in the C and K 2500 and 3500 models. Regardless of which size pickup and driveline format, the 5.7-liter V-8 Vortec produced the same horsepower and torque.
The 1990s were an interesting time for pickups and SUVs. In the early 1990s, the EPA's tightening emissions and fuel economy restrictions -- meant to drive manufacturers to build more fuel efficient cars -- backfired. Rather than spend the money to engineer better cars, manufacturers made trucks more car-like. That sold more trucks, which got manufacturers fuel and emissions credits, but led to the "replacement" of the last, real C/K-Series Silverado with the gentrified, Silverado-branded pickup in 1999.
The 2008 Dodge Ram had an optional "Light Load" that allowed the driver to use a lower tire pressure rating for added comfort when the truck was carrying only a small load. Dodge classified a "Light Load" as two or fewer occupants, at 150 pounds each, and less than 200 pounds of cargo.
The year was 1985, and Ford truck enthusiasts officially had to face reality: fuel injection was here to stay. Those who'd grown up with jet changes and screwdriver tune-ups might have been a bit leery of these newfangled electronic controls, but Ford quickly proved that it was no rank amateur when it came to designing simple, world-class fuel injection systems.
Chevrolet offered the 5.3-liter V-8 Vortec 5300 engine as an option on the 2000 Silverado 1500 base and LS trim levels. It was standard equipment on the LT trim. The firing order for the Vortec 5300 in your Silverado is 1-8-7-2-6-5-4-3. The cylinders in bank No. 1, on the driver side of the engine, are 1, 3, 5, 7. The cylinders in bank No. 2, on the passenger side, are 2, 4, 6, 8.
The 5.7-liter V-8 engine came standard in the 1997 GMC Yukon. From front to back, the passenger-side -- Bank 1 -- cylinders are numbered 2, 4, 6, 8. The driver-side -- Bank 2 -- cylinders are numbered 1, 3, 5, 7. The firing order of your 5.7-liter Vortec is 1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2.
The S10 pickup's production life spanned 13 model years and two generations before the Colorado replaced it in 2004. Seemingly every year, Chevrolet tweaked the S10 to keep up with the changing times, and the 1996 model year was no exception, as it received an optional third door on the Extended Cab models and extra power from the 4.3-liter V-6.
The 2005 Ford Explorer Sport Trac had a total of seven radio options, ranging from a basic AM-FM-CD audio system to a premium system with satellite radio capabilities and as many as nine speakers. Though they all use different clock-setting procedures, setting the clock on each radio is a fairly simple process.
In 1998, the Silverado redefined what GM trucks could be -- but some might say not every redefinition was for the better. The Silverado might have been more sophisticated, comfortable and car-like in every way, but the C/K series that it replaced didn't need any of that to be the truck that generations relied on.
In 1982, GM needed a new line of diesel trucks, very quickly. The Detroit Diesel was the company's solution; designed to fit roughly the same dimensions as the V-8 engines in use at the time, the Detroit's drop-in swap potential directly set the stage for the GM-and-Isuzu-developed Duramax that followed in 2001.
Some vehicles out there have a following because they're truly great; others have a following because they're truly great cartoons of a concept. The Hemi Cuda, Lamborghini Reventon, Hummer H1 -- all great vehicles, made great because they defied all practicality or reason. The Excursion was Ford's stab at the illogical extremes of pure size and mass in an SUV, and the garage-door industry is slightly richer for it.
It's not uncommon for manufacturers to take the top trim level of an outgoing vehicle and apply it as a name for the vehicle that replaces it. The Chevrolet Malibu, Ford Crown Victoria, the Buick Regal -- all started out as trim levels on another car. The Silverado name was one such, formerly applied to the top trim level of the C/K pickup. Some might not have been thrilled to lose the old moniker, but you sure wouldn't know it by the Silverado's sales numbers.
Diesel enthusiasts love a lot of things about oil-burning behemoths like 2001 Duramax trucks. Locomotive torque and fuel economy are usually cited as the best things about big diesels. But there's another side to those who love these road-going juggernauts -- the love of outright, unstoppable speed.
Today's market is full of awesome diesel pickups, but that might not have been the case without the serendipitous union of Dodge and Cummins. Prior to those first 1989 Dodge Rams, the diesel truck market was a puttering, underpowered, smoke-spewing joke;. Now, though, diesel pickups and their clean, powerful and sophisticated engines are certainly no laughing matter.
If there are three terms in human history that wouldn't seem to go together, they would be "F-350," "7.3-liter" and "fuel economy." There's just no part of that that doesn't tremble the brain with cognitive dissonance. Then again, Ford owners have known for a long time that this big oil-burner can return fuel economy numbers as impressive as the truck's sheer size.
In 2010, Chevrolet included its StabiliTrak system as a standard feature in all Silverado models. This system senses loss of control on a slippery road and uses the brake system to correct the issue. The StabiliTrak system on the 2010 Silverado also included a traction control system to prevent wheel slippage on acceleration. You can deactivate either just the traction control system or the entire StabiliTrak system, if needed.
Ford equipped the 2004 F-350 with a 5.4-liter, V-8 gasoline engine and ZF six-speed manual transmission as standard equipment. A 6.8-liter, V-10 gasoline engine and a 6.0-liter, diesel engine were optional. If you opted for an automatic transmission, you have either a four-speed 4R100, or a five-speed 5R110 Torqshift.
The 2003 Chevrolet S-10 came in a variety of cab formats and drivetrain setups, but one special package, the ZR2, stood out from the pack. The S-10 ZR2 featured special decals, large wheel flares, 46 mm Bilstein high-pressure shock absorbers, and 31-by-10.5-inch all-terrain tires to help it tackle more treacherous terrain than a standard S-10. Though this pickup looked the part of a hopped-up off-roader, it was a standard four-wheel-drive S-10 under the hood.
Chevy's 1995 K1500 came standard with a 4.3-liter V-6 gasoline engine and a five-speed GM NV4500 manual transmission. The choices of optional engines were a 5.0-liter or a 5.7-liter V-8 -- both gasoline engines -- and a 6.5-liter V-8 diesel. The optional four-speed automatic could be either a 4L60-E or a 4L80-E -- both GM Hydra-Matic transmissions. The "4" designates a four-speed and the "L" designates it is a longitudinally-mounted transmission. The "60" and "80" indicate the tranny's strength -- the "80" being a heavier-duty transmission than the "60." The "E" refers to electronic controlled. To tell which transmission you…
From the factory, Ford equipped the 2005 F-150 with wheel caps that covered the lug nuts. Because these caps can be rather fragile, especially in cold weather, there is a specific procedure that Ford recommended for removing them. Ford also included a tool with the truck's spare tire kit to remove the caps, but a flat-head screwdriver works just as well.
A Vortec 6.0-liter V-8 engine came standard in the 2012 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Hybrid, 2500 and 3500. In the 1500 Hybrid, the 6.0-liter engine was rated at 332 horsepower at 5,100 rpm. The Silverado 2500 ratings came in at 322 horsepower in the gasoline engine and 360 horsepower at 5,400 rpm for the flex-fuel engine. For the 3500, the rating was 322 horsepower for both the gasoline and flex-fuel engines.
The 2005 Toyota Tacoma came standard with a 2.7-liter, four-cylinder engine with 164 horsepower, but buyers that needed a little extra power could opt for the 4.0-liter V-6 that produced 245 horsepower. With this extra power came reduced fuel economy, but it remained atop the fuel economy list among compact, six-cylinder pickup trucks.
Rarely in the history of automobiles have V-6 engines ever attained the kind of cult following that some V-8s have; and of those few, most were produced by either GM or Nissan. On American shores, Chevrolet's 4.3-liter V-6 played right alongside the Buick 3.8-liter, with each, at various points in their production, jockeying for position in the hearts of enthusiasts. Testament to the original concept, the relatively ancient 4.3-liter architecture -- like its Buick counterpart's -- remains in production to this day.
The truck's bolt pattern is determined by how many bolts or lug nuts are on each wheel, and the distance between the centers of the bolt holes. Chevrolet's 1997 S10 pickup has five bolt holes in a bolt circle of 4 3/4 inches, and a standard offset in a 15- by 7-inch wheel. The four-wheel-drive S10 -- also referred to as the T10 -- has the same bolt pattern, but has a high-positive offset.
The 1999 model year was an awkward one in Chevy showrooms, as it was a transition period between the old C- and K-Series pickups and the new-for-1999 Silverado pickups. One of the key additions for the 1999 Silverado 1500 and 2500 was a new 5.3-liter V-8 that effectively replaced the aging 5.7-liter V-8 in the outgoing C- and K-Series trucks.
In 1996, the Silverado was the top trim level of the Chevrolet C- and K-series pickups. It featured a set of all-new engines that General Motors dubbed "Vortec." Replacing the outgoing 5.7-liter V-8 powerplant was the 5700 Vortec, and this new engine saw a healthy 25 percent horsepower increase over its predecessor. This increase made Chevy's 5.7-liter more powerful than Ford's 5.8-liter V-8 and Dodge's 5.9-liter V-8 in 1996.
To program a keyless remote for your 2000 Chevy Blazer, get in the driver's seat and close the doors. Put the ignition key into the ignition switch and then press and hold the "Unlock" button on the driver's door panel. Turn the key on, then off, on again, and then off again in quick succession and then release the "Unlock" button on the door panel. If the truck has entered program mode, the door locks will lock and unlock automatically. Simultaneously press the "Lock" and "Unlock" buttons on the remote until the door locks respond by locking and unlocking again.…
A 2.3-liter, in-line, four-cylinder engine came standard in Ford's 1996 Ranger XL, XLT and Splash, and a 3.0-liter V-6 engine was optional. The STX trim model came standard with the 3.0-liter engine. The XLT, Splash and STX also had the option of a 4.0-liter V-6. All trim packages came standard with a five-speed manual transmission, with the option to upgrade to a four-speed automatic.
The keyless remote transmitter on your 2003 Silverado takes a CR2032 or equivalent battery. These batteries are the size of a small coin and usually sold as watch or calculator batteries. When you change the battery, insert the new one with the positive side facing you, and then resynchronize the transmitter.
The 1987 Chevrolet S10 pickup came standard with the 2.5-liter, inline four-cylinder, "Iron Duke" engine built by Pontiac. Starting in 1982, the Iron Dukes that were converted to fuel injection were referred to as "Tech IV" engines. Chevy offered a 2.8-liter V-6 engine -- also fuel injected -- as an option in the 1987 S10. The 2.8-liter was an LL2 version of GM's 60-degree V-6 engines.
On 1975 pickups, Ford stamped the vehicle identification number on a plate mounted on the rear-facing edge of the driver-side door. If the door is replaced to repair rust or accident damage, the old plate should be moved to the new door. Many times it isn't, however, and the door either has no VIN plate or the wrong VIN. Unless you're sure the truck has its original driver's door, look in an alternate locate for your VIN.
The Vehicle Identification Number of your 1977 Chevrolet C10 was stamped on a plate attached to the driver's door pillar. The VIN contains coded information for the year, make, model, body style, engine, chassis, and production plant. It doesn't give details on paint color, but you can follow the VIN to find this information.
Toyota pickups have a long history that dates back to the Toyopet SB in 1947, but the American market didn't see a Toyota pickup until the Stout arrived in 1964, with an 85-horsepower 1.9-liter engine. The Hi-Lux replaced the Stout in 1969, but Toyota dropped the Hi-Lux name in the U.S. in 1976, leaving the truck without a formal name. Finally, midway through the 1995 model year, Toyota renamed its compact truck the Tacoma. In 2002, the Tacoma Xtracab came in three variants: Base, PreRunner, PreRunner V6 and S-Runner.
A true crew cab pickup -- also called a double cab or dual cab -- is a four-door truck with two full-size front-hinged doors on both sides and able to seat five or six people. Originally offered in 3/4-ton and one-ton trucks usually sold as commercial vehicles, stringent seat belt laws requiring a seat belt for each passenger helped make them popular for non-commercial use among compact and 1/2-ton pickup buyers.
The Ford F-Series debuted in 1948 with three models -- F-1, F-2 and F-3 -- with the latter being the 1-ton model. In 1953, Ford revised the naming system, which changed the F-3's name to the more familiar F-350. A half-century into its existence, the 2003 F-350 came in three cab setups -- Regular, SuperCab and Crew Cab -- with the latter being the largest of the group. Topping off the 2003 F-350 Crew Cab range of trim levels was the Lariat model with four-wheel drive.
Ford offered the 4.6-liter V-8 engine as an option on the 2007 F-150 XL, STX and XLT models. A five-speed manual transmission came standard, but the 4.6-liter engine could also be mated to the optional four-speed automatic transmission -- an A340e if your F-150 is rear-wheel drive or an A340f if your F-150 is four-wheel drive.
The 7.3-liter engine Ford offered as an option on the 2001 F-250 XL, XLT and Lariat models was an overhead valve, turbocharged, direct injection V-8 diesel. To withstand the loads of diesel operation, Ford designed the cylinder block of this Power Stroke engine with four-bolt main bearing caps, a forged-steel crankshaft, heavy-duty, forged-steel connecting rods and internal piston-cooling oil jets.
On the surface, a Z71 Chevy pickup doesn't exactly seem like the best device for towing. The 2005 Silverado Z71, like all Z71s before it, was primarily designed to serve as kind of an off-road cruise ship. But most of the things that make a Z51 tough enough to comfortably power through the worst off-road conditions also make it a pretty decent tow rig for large, fifth-wheel trailers.
Major changes aren't particularly common in the American full-sized truck market; trucks are utilitarian by philosophy, and they're usually not the most appealing mode of transportation for those into the latest trends. But time moves all things, including pyramids, continents and full-sized truck design.
America loves trucks, but those trucks don't have to be big to draw a following. While the trend today might be toward "bigger is better," the overall arc of history shows that there are plenty who prefer a rear-drive, compact pickup built for two and capable of serving as a daily driver in city and country alike. Of course, plenty of power never hurts, and that's something that the 2002 Ranger's big V-6 engine offered aplenty.
At some point you have to ask yourself: When do I just buy a Kenworth and call it a day? It's not as though you bought an F-450 just because it looks as impressive as a rhino fighting an elephant on the back of a sandworm from Dune. Which it does. You bought it because it does a particular job, and does it well -- but there are other options out there.
At some point before everybody decided that a people-mover had to look like a pseudo-off-roader, people drove vans. For those not old enough to remember them, "vans" were big boxes that served many as rolling studio apartments; they had all the comforts of home, enough space for a waterbed and minibar and didn't need anything more than sheer size and a V-8 growl to announce their presence.
Sporting an all-new grille design over previous model years, the 1951 F1 was part of the first generation of Ford's "Bonus Built" trucks. This half-ton pickup was the first truck in a long line of F-series trucks that proved popular through each successive generation.
With each new generation of Ford's popular F-150, the lineup seems to expand. So much so that in 2011, Ford offered its iconic truck in 11 trims, including four different engines and three cab configurations. For buyers the possibilities seemed endless -- and daunting. Ford positioned the Raptor and King Ranch editions near the top of this lengthy list.
Compared to most other trucks on the road at the time, the Chevrolet C/K series was almost a luxury ride. Designed in the late 1950s, the C/K's flowing yet purposeful lines evolved in 1967 into a new truck that was at least purposeful, if not quite flowing. Still, these trucks remain the epicenters of fond memories for many, and are still available at fairly reasonable prices.
Some vehicles reach greatness by specializing in a specific niche; others make history by doing everything. The S-10 has in turns done both, proving both a versatile, all-around mode of transportation and pretty impressive within the various niches in its line of fire. As of 2002, the S-10 had grown several hundred pounds and plenty in size over its predecessors, but still offered usable fuel economy for its class.
There was a time long ago when half of the vehicles on Earth wore Ford badges. There was another time, not long ago, when it only seemed that way. Still, there's little better evidence of greatness than when the primary complaint about a particular vehicle is that there just too many of them running around. And there are still plenty of 2003 models running around towing trailers -- but not all of them can tow the same amount.
While it may share the same F-Series name as its predecessor, the F-250 and F-350 were anything but modified F-150s. In 1999, Ford introduced a Super Duty platform more closely related to light commercial trucks than consumer-grade F-150s and Rangers. Testament to the difference between the two chassis, while the F150 got a complete redesign in 2004, the Super Duty line carried on with the same platform until 2007.
Somewhere in the world a manufacturer is filming a truck commercial. Cue sepia-toned tires spitting gray rocks at the camera. Cue guy with gravelly voice asking rhetorical question and then giving a pithy, homespun-sounding answer. Stamp giant logo on screen with a metallic "CLANG!," and cut to black. That kind of advertisement is fine for silly little 1500-series trucks, most of which are bought by people who're probably cross-shopping them with unibody SUVs. But for big Duramax trucks, that gravelly voiced announcer would have a bit less to say. "The GMC 3500 diesel: Buy one if you need it."
The F350 isn't a truck -- it's a locomotive without rails. While lesser F-150s might do a passable impression of people-movers or off-roaders, big F-Series trucks specialize primarily in eating highway miles in speed an comfort while hauling as much mass as possible. In its 12th iteration, the F-Series got even better at cheating the wind and battering through it with a steeply raked windshield and a number of other little enhancements. Combine that with a couple of massive powerplants, and you could have one serious road train once you take Ford's electronic limiters off.
With a 305-horsepower V-8 engine under its hood and a sturdy frame, the 2006 Titan could tow up to 9,500 pounds. The base Titan XE has an optional remote keyless entry system, but the SE and LE trims had this feature standard. Programming a key fob for the keyless entry system for the 2006 Titan is a fairly simple task.
Dodge trucks have always done things a little bit bigger than everyone else -- so big that the "Ram" name eventually outgrew the Dodge badge and became its own brand. But before that, big Rams like the second-generation -- 1994 through 2002 -- models were hauling huge loads anywhere a Ram could go. Regardless of the truck's "1500," "2500" or "3500" designation, how much payload the truck can move in the real world depends entirely on how much it weighs to begin with.
Nissan built its second-generation Frontier, a mid-size pickup, on a solid, fully-boxed frame and paired it with a powerful lineup of engines that pleased trailer-toting buyers in 2007. But among the available trim levels -- base XE, upgraded SE and fully-loaded LE -- the XE, despite its low $16,050 starting price, offered little value for those looking to tow.
Like all compact pickups, Chevy designed the 2000 S-10 to afford buyers the utility of a pickup truck with decent fuel economy. For buyers that needed a little extra power, the two-wheel-drive S-10 was available with an optional 4.3-liter V-6 engine that produced 180 horsepower – a 60-horsepower bump over the base four-cylinder engine. Even with the two extra cylinders to feed, the S-10 still achieved respectable fuel economy numbers.
Japanese automakers have always had a bit of trouble breaking into the American truck market. It's not that Japanese trucks don't do all the stuff that trucks are supposed to do well: many of the most legendarily tough, durable and capable haulers have come from the Pacific Rim. It took Nissan, Honda and Toyota a while to nail it down, but all eventually figured out what sells trucks in the States: immense proportions. Maybe that's why Nissan minced no words when it introduced the aptly named Titan.
General Motors likes to say that the Colorado was a "replacement" for the S-10, but that's a practice in delusion if there ever was one. The Colorado is a fine enough truck, but it's much larger than the S-10 -- a truck that made its fame specifically by being smaller than others, and by being more capable as a truck than its diminutive proportions implied.
It's an odd kind of contradiction: the EPA grants exceptions of fuel economy and emissions to heavy-duty trucks, so manufacturers often decline to rate them. But fuel economy is often a prime consideration for those who purchase the biggest trucks out there, so owners are often relegated to either asking around or playing optimist about their own fuel economy.
Back in 1989, Chrysler chief engineer selected 85 engineers for a very special project: to resurrect the legendary Shelby Cobra under the Dodge banner. "Team Viper" later became its own group within Chrysler, later changing its name to Performance Vehicle Operations and issuing its own special edition "tuner" vehicles under the SRT name. In 2004, SRT made history once again with what quickly became the world's fastest production truck.
The "U" in SUV stands for "utility" -- that's exactly what the most successful SUV manufacturers keep in mind when debuting new models and refinements on older ones. Rarely ones to miss a point, GM was one of the first to regularly offer full-sized SUVs with the capability to run not only on unleaded gasoline, but on renewable ethanol.
It’s cool being a firefighter, and not just because of the heroics or uniforms. Some agencies have special trucks called tenders that either can spray water or a combination of water and a special chemical that creates foam, which helps extinguish fires. Firefighters can buy these tenders from transportation companies that specialize in this type of vehicle. For civilians who want to create their own vehicle that sprays water or other fluids, it requires some mechanical skills.
The late 80s and the 1990s were a transitional time for all engines in the United States -- particularly big V-8s. It was during this time period that engines transitioned from old-school carburetion and distributor ignition to fully modern port fuel injection systems. But the change didn't happen overnight; fuel injection systems like those used by the 1992 Blazer represented a kind of hybridization of the old and the new, the not-so-missing link between carburetors, distributors and multi-port fuel injection.
You can't be a gearhead and not love big, industrial diesels; they're the cyborg dinosaurs of the automotive world, a fascinating juncture of old-world design and new. The Cat 3406B is one such engine; using both pushrods and a four-valve-per-cylinder head, the 3406B offers the endearing simplicity of century-old architecture and the wherewithal to make nearly 1000 horsepower without any internal modifications. The valve bridge is one of the parts that make this whole assembly work.
General Motors first introduced the fully-automatic transmission -- the Hydra-Matic -- in 1940. This transmission paved the way for the development of the Turbo Hydramatic transmissions introduced in Chevrolet vehicles during the mid-1960s. The TH400 was used in full-sized GM cars and trucks up to the mid-2000s. Chevrolet trucks built for the 1992 model year used a four-speed overdrive-capable version of the TH400. A slip-yoke connects the transmission to the drive shaft that spins the truck's rear wheels.
General Motors learned long ago that staying true to the the "general" part of its name was its ace in the hole. To make every vehicle as close to custom as possible, GM uses Regular Production Option codes consisting of one number and two letters. All together, this means that GM can offer a stunning 6,760 different RPOs at any given time, and any number of RPOs with a given chassis, including the Suburban, like so many others -- "general" indeed.
The 1993 Chevrolet G30 is a one-ton full-sized van. The truck-based G30 has heavier drive-train and suspension components than the lighter-duty 1/2-ton and 3/4-ton models. The rear axle differential in the G30 is a 14-bolt unit with a 10.5 inch ring and pinion gear. A few different axle ratios were available for this rear end when installed under a G30 van. Know how to determine the axle ratio of your particular unit, since towing capacity and other factors may change with different gear ratios.
Most semitrucks, which haul semitrailers, have heavy-duty manual transmissions which differ from the manual transmissions in light trucks. These transmissions require a special shifting method. There are actually two methods for shifting these transmissions – double-clutching and floating. The heavy-duty transmission in a semitruck cannot be shifted like a regular transmission.
The Toyota Tundra full-size pickup truck featured a 9.5- and 10.5-inch differential depending on the size of the engine. The 10.5-inch version was standard equipment on the four-wheel drive double cab version that came with a hitch receiver and transmission cooler. The 2007 Tundra was a dramatic improvement over previous models, which had a smaller 8.5-inch ring gear that limited its hauling capabilities.
Fifth wheel trailer hitches use a kingpin and pin receiver mounted in the bed of a heavy-duty pickup truck. These hitches are similar to diesel tractor-trailer rig combinations. A gooseneck hitch is similar to the fifth wheel, but features a conventional ball and coupler mounted under, behind or on the floor of the cargo box. Goosenecks hitches are not to be confused with the HitchHiker Gooseneck trailer brand, which usually employ a fifth wheel hitch.
The 1998 Dodge Ram 1500 four-wheel drive pickup truck came with an optional Sport Plus package when buyers ordered the luxury Laramie SLT trim model. Later Dodge Rams featured the mid-range SLT and SLT Plus that were matched with the extra Sport option. The Sport option featured a hefty 5.9-liter, or 360-cubic-inch, V-8 engine. The 1998 Dodge pickup was the first generation of the redesigned Rams that mimicked the appearance of the tractor-trailer big rigs with raised hood and masculine cross-hair grille.
A bed liner protects your pickup truck from scratches and rust. It also provides a quieter ride and enhances your truck’s resale value. Although drop-in bed liners are available, they tend to move and scuff off paint between the liner and the bed. Moisture eventually finds its way underneath, and this causes out-of-sight corrosion. I solved this problem by applying a durable urethane-based plastic truck bed roll-on coating on my Toyota Hilux three years ago.
Prior to the 1940s, the great majority of mass-produced engine cylinder heads were flat, colloquially called flatheads or flatties. By the 1950s the design had been eclipsed by numerous overhead valve designs, but Dodge’s military division was to produce vehicles with a flat engine for another two decades. They were used in a series of trucks whose name began with the letter “M.” Only one type of engine was used: the Dodge T245.
In the early years of the 20th century, financier Charles Dana joined engineer Clarence Spicer in mass-producing the latter’s patented universal joint. It was the first device to remove a chain-and-sprocket system from the drive systems of the then fledgling automobile, and the company was soon producing drive-train components for the Model T. Among numerous other mechanical items, it now manufactures parts for 18-wheelers and giant earth-moving machines, and has supplied components to every car on the NASCAR circuit. Of its past catalog, the Dana 60 is one of the company’s signature products.
General Motors Company manufactured its 302-cubic-inch straight-6 engines between 1952 and 1960. It was used in a number of civilian applications through its entire production run, most commonly in school buses and vehicles intended for heavy off-road use such as Forestry Service cherry-pickers. A variant of the 302 engine was also used to power an array of six-wheel military trucks between 1953 and 1960.
With its release in 1948, the first of Ford’s F-Series trucks set a benchmark for serviceability balanced with a viable purchase price and relatively economic upkeep. Still in production as of February 2012, the F-series has been the best-selling pickup in the U.S. for more than two decades and the best-selling vehicle for more than three. The years between 1980 and 1986 bracket the production of the seventh generation of F-Series trucks.
Automobiles were essentially invented as currency in the “he who dies with the most toys wins” battles among the late 18th century’s wealthiest; trucks, conversely, have always been a way to make work easier for the less affluent. Through two World Wars and several decades of development, lifted trucks have evolved from workhorses to art forms and back again.
A semi bottom truck is a dump truck commonly referred to as a belly dump truck. A belly dump truck includes the three-axle tractor rig and two-axle trailer. The trailer has the dump gate in the trailer’s belly. The purpose of a belly dump truck is to lay material on the ground in a long line, called a windrow. For agricultural goods such as hay or grain, the windrow allows the material to dry in the wind.
A light- or heavy-duty truck’s drivetrain is often taken for granted by its owners. The drivetrain can accumulate tens of thousands of miles, if not hundreds of thousands, without so much as a squeak in protest. Yet the failure of a component can be catastrophic, costing thousands of dollars in repairs or causing an accident, if proper maintenance is not performed.
The General Motors 4.8- and 5.3-liter V-8 engines debuted in 1999 to power GM’s truck lineup. There were a handful of different 4.8-liter versions and numerous variants of the 5.3-liter engine. The primary difference between the two is that the 5.3-liter has a longer stroke, which adds more torque for better off-the-line acceleration and pulling power.
Truck beds offer payload versatility and allow you to carry any number of tools and large items just behind your cab. Carrying these items produces inevitable scratches that detract from your truck's visual appeal and can lead to the cancer of steel-bodied vehicles: rust. Owners seeking to protect their trucks have a choice between a conventional plastic drop-in bedliner or a spray-on liner that adheres to the interior surfaces of your truck's bed. Savvy shoppers must weigh the pros and cons of each style of bedliner to make the most appropriate decision based on their priorities.
There was a time when choosing a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicle for off-roading was a no-brainer. Four-wheel drive provided a better grip of the trail and rough terrain. Two-wheel-drive vehicles were often bogged down in soft dirt or bottomed out. Well, that was then and this is now. Two-wheel drives have come a long way since the 1970s with numerous upgrades available.
Rugged and steeped in history, the Willys Jeep was first produced in 1940, with the Willys pickup introduced seven years later. Factory equipped with four- and six-cylinder engines, the Willys’ Jeep vehicles were underpowered by modern standards. Designed for 1972 American Motors Corporation CJ-series Jeep vehicles, the AMC 360 V8 engine is a viable option for anyone wanting to upgrade a Willys pickup engine.
The Society of Automotive Engineers developed the J-1939 protocol to provide standard ways of sending digital control signals through heavy-duty vehicles such as trucks and buses, construction machinery and farm equipment. The J-1939 protocol defines the different layers of the ISO-OSI seven-layer communications model, including electrical standards, message formats and network management methods.
The old Chevy small-block has undergone a lot of changes since it debuted in 1955, perhaps none as drastic as its final Vortec incarnation. Named for its swirl- or vortex-inducing combustion chamber design, the Vortec head, like the small-block itself, came about as a result of the search for horsepower by way of efficiency. The 2005 model year was an important one for the Silverado, a transitional period that saw use of both current and previous generation Vortec engines.
A battery that delivers the correct voltage is essential for almost all vehicles. Deliver too much voltage and components either move or spin too fast, or they overheat and burn out. Deliver insufficient voltage and moving components slow down, or don't work at all. Jump-starting a 24-volt system from a 12-volt system won’t work if only one 12-volt battery is available, but if the 12-volt truck has two batteries, it becomes possible to produce a 24-volt supply.
A 2003 Ford F-150 pickup truck can tow any size camper or trailer in terms of dimensions as long as the trailer’s weight fits within the truck’s towing capacity range. The towing capacity of an F-150 depends on the truck’s gross vehicle weight rating, towing and payload capacity ratings, engine size and axle ratio.
Before 1999, full-size Chevrolet pickup trucks were known by three model numbers. The 1500 was a 1/2-ton truck, the 2500 a 3/4-ton truck, and the 3500 had a 1-ton capacity. The Silverado name, which became the standard name for full-size Chevy pickups beginning in 1999, referred to a particular trim level in the 1998 model year and before. Thanks to a range of choices between models and optional features, there were several ways to get a 1998 Silverado with a 5.7-liter V-8.
The Ford F-150 Lightning pickup truck is a performance version of the standard F-150 truck. There are several differences between the 1999 model and the 2002 version. A boost in the engine’s horsepower and torque in the 2002 version is the most significant change and improved overall performance. The 2002 Lightning also features some weight-saving measures and suspension modifications to improve handling.
The stout little bulldog that has been sitting on the hood of Mack trucks for decades has become not only an emblem of the brand's toughness, but also an icon of an enduring American manufacturer. The dog first perched on a Mack truck in the 1930s, but the image of Mack trucks as bulldog-sturdy was conjured significantly earlier.
Like the HMMWV and its Hummer civilian counterpart, the Tigr vehicle is manufactured by the Russian automaker GAZ in versions intended for use by both military and civilian markets. The GAZ-2975 is an armored high-mobility vehicle designed to provide secure and versatile transport for small military teams, while the GAZ-2330 civilian vehicle is a full-size SUV aimed at the mainstream consumer.
Engineered to lift and lower the bed of a truck, an electric dump hoist employs an electrical switch activating a hydraulic piston. Lifting capacity of a dump hoist is determined by the size of the hydraulic piston; specifically the amount of fluid the piston is capable of displacing. Increasing power of the hoist requires replacing the existing piston with one having a greater displacement capacity that is able to force a larger amount of fluid through the hydraulic system.
The Maxon BMR55 is a complex, column-style lift for trucks that you can troubleshoot on a limited basis, assuming the reservoir needs to be filled, the battery needs to be charged or a valve needs to be opened. Most other issues require a service call, though by identifying the issue beforehand, you will be able to save yourself a bit of money.
Drivers of Peterbilt brand tractor-trailer rigs, also known as 18-wheelers, often add Aero-Tail flippers to their trucks. These flippers reduce wind resistance and help increase fuel mileage. Most Aero-Tail Flippers come with mounting brackets. The most common models for Peterbilt trucks are ATF81 and ATF71.