Army target box exercises are designed to improve a soldier's ability to shoot his assigned weapon. Generally, these exercises are only used when a soldier has difficulty zeroing on the practice range. A qualified non-commissioned officer or marksmanship trainer can use target box exercises to critique the service member's aiming procedures and provide guidance that teaches the soldier how to meet Army standards for shot groups. Generally, these exercises are only used at Basic Combat Training.
To determine your overall physical fitness, the U.S. Army factors in how much you weigh and how well you perform in a three-part physical fitness test. The three-part test includes two minutes of pushups, two minutes of situps and a two-mile run. Military personnel must take the physical fitness test at least twice every year, and must meet minimum standards in order to be eligible for a promotion, transfer or enrollment at an Army school.
According to Dr. Rodney Gonzalez of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, in a study based on retrospective interviews of 471 U.S. Army Rangers returning from military action, 19.6 percent of interviewee injuries were ankle related and of those, 80 percent were sprains. A badly sprained or broken ankle can immobilize a soldier and so the faster a boot can be removed, the faster he can get medical attention. Quick removal is also important when dealing with a broken boot; if it can be quickly removed, it can be quickly replaced. Whether or not you're in the military,…
Armed forces have always been rank-oriented. There are clear demarcations between the officers and the foot soldiers. There are also many differences between the commissioned officers and the noncommissioned men or the enlisted men. The delineation begins at the entry level, and it only changes when the enlisted man applies to become a commissioned officer; 180,000 people enlist in the United States Army annually and over 20,000 become officers.
While shoe polishes of yore restored and softened leather, shoe polish with a shine effect was popularized in 1906 by William Ramsay of Melbourne, Australia. Parade shoes should be polished often because shoe polish helps to waterproof and moisturize the leather, giving the shoes a longer lifespan. Most Air Force squadrons require their cadets to wear exceptionally shiny parade shoes, so don't stop shining until you can see your reflection or there may be uniform-breaching penalties.
As a cadet, you are a military officer in training. During your cadet training program you will receive a variety of cadet awards for your accomplishments. The military has specific rules and regulations in regards to the types of awards you can wear and when you are permitted to wear them. It is of critical importance that you understand which cadet awards you can wear on active duty so that you don't break any of the rules.
The fourragere is a shoulder cord awarded to American military units by foreign governments. The French, Belgian and Dutch governments may award an American unit the fourragere in recognition of repeated gallant actions. Service members may wear the fourragere on their uniforms, provided they are also wearing a decoration awarded by the U.S. government. The cord consists of a long braid with a small loop or clip on one end, and a metal pencil attachment on the other.
Army Knowledge Online, or AKO, is an online resource for members of the United States armed forces. Should any member of the armed forces have to travel outside of the continental United States, they must fill out a PRO-file form that goes into the digital ISOPREP using their AKO account. This form requires you to upload two digital photos, one font-view headshot and one profile headshot. The form cannot be completed until you upload these photos, so uploading them correctly is of the utmost importance.
Sanctuary is a military program in the United States Army that is intended for Reserve Component military personnel who have served between 18 and 20 years of Active Federal Service and are currently mobilized. RC soldiers are mandated to apply for sanctuary, which means that they are protected from mobilizing involuntarily between the time they enter the program and the time they are eligible to retire, which is at 20 years of service. If you are currently a mob reservist with sanctuary status and are interested in switching to active duty, there are specific protocols for the application process.
Troop Program Units -- TPUs -- are reserve units in the U.S. Army Reserves that perform paid drills on a regular basis. The Individual Ready Reserve -- IRR -- is another part of the U.S. Army Reserves that is composed of soldiers who can be called to active duty but do not drill as frequently. Enlisted soldiers in Troop Program Units who do not reenlist are automatically transferred to the Individual Ready Reserve if they have not completed their military service obligation. However, reserve officers in TPUs who want to be part of the IRR have to take action to…
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operators help protect the U.S. and its allies from enemy attack. But unlike most of the U.S. Army, UAV operators aren't in direct contact with the enemy. Instead, they control unmanned aircraft far away from the action and use the information extracted from the UAV's observational system to design military tactics. To become a UAV operator, you'll have to join the Army; there are no civilian certification processes in place. It's not guaranteed that you'll be selected for a UAV operator position once you're in the Army, but there are a few things you can do…
Reserve Officers Training Corp -- known as ROTC -- is a program designed for young men and women who are qualified to serve as commissioned officers in the Navy's unrestricted line, the Navy Nurse Corps and the Marine Corps. Even though they are not yet active members, they still must respect their uniform. There are certain guidelines that must be followed in order to show pride, self-respect and a positive attitude. Both males and females must adhere to these rules when dressing the ROTC jacket.
MIL-STD-810 is a set of U.S. military standards for testing a piece of equipment's environmental design. Specifically, MIL-STD-810F method 501.4 is a standard for testing how equipment performs under high temperatures. The temperatures used will typically mimic those in storage or operational conditions. For the best results, testing should be done in a controlled environment, such as an enclosed chamber.
The Reserves are military forces comprised of members that have limited duties, unlike members on active duty. Because the commitment is part-time, many members of the Reserves are employed or attend school full-time. Still, reservists receive competitive benefits and pay for their service. To be in the reserves and work full-time, it is ideal to work during the regular work week, Monday through Friday.
Each branch of the U.S. military has a rigorous training program that helps to prepare the next generation of officers and leaders. In the Air Force, Officer Training School (OTS) turns ordinary citizens or enlisted airmen into officers capable of leading troops in times of war and peace. Having empathy, or the ability to connect with other airmen, is critical to success as an officer. Training staff can employ many activities to improve rapport in OTS candidate ranks.
Tanglefoot wire is a type of barbed wire obstacle emplaced to prevent, impede or deter dismounted movement. It is effective when concealed in tall grass or vegetation, in shallow water at high tide or when placed in "dead ground" that cannot be targeted with direct fire from defensive positions. Tanglefoot can help deny that battlefield space to the enemy, or force them to stand up to step over the wire, exposing them to machine gun fire or fragmentation.
U.S. Army Rangers are elite and specialized members of the military. To become a U.S. Army Ranger, individuals must enroll in Ranger School to prepare for the conditions they will face in the field. Students in Ranger School must be in top physical shape, and those who do not meet the requirements are dismissed from the program.
The Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) recruits and trains young cadets to be Army leaders of the future. The U.S. Army places experienced military personnel as ROTC instructors at more than 270 colleges and universities across the United States. Applicants must have been honorably separated from their military service within the last five years. To apply for an instructor position, complete the application packages, which are split into two phases. After you have applied, the Brigade manager will interview applicants and select instructors. The Army looks for experienced professionals who meet the minimum qualifications in education, training and military…
The Individual Ready Reserve, or IRR, serves as a strategic reserve of trained military manpower. Military veterans typically serve six years of an eight year total enlistment either on active duty or in a troop program unit (TPU), and spend the remaining two years in the individual ready reserve prior to being discharged from military service altogether. Transfer from a troop program unit, or selected reserve status, to the IRR happens automatically for reserve component soldiers who complete the selective reserve or active duty portion of their enlistments. Officers must generally resign their posts and request transfer, unless they are…
The U.S. Army offers leadership training programs in colleges and universities for students interested in becoming commissioned Army officers after graduation. The Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) courses are taught by Senior Military Science Instructors (SMSI) and Military Science Instructors (MSI). The instructors are Army retired, Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Individual Ready Reserve officers and noncommissioned officers. Besides having military experience, individuals interested in becoming Army ROTC instructors must meet other requirements.
If you or someone you know is in the Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps -- or JROTC -- you will probably see arcs on cadets' uniforms. Arcs are decorative pins that signify activities or events the wearer has taken part in. They are worn with both Class A and Class B uniforms, on the right breast pocket. When putting on arc pins, it's important to be as precise as possible, to fit the military's exacting standards.
For the heroes that serve in the United States Armed Forces, there is no higher calling than that of the nation itself. Soldiers are called to serve in the U.S. and abroad in defense of the U.S., her people and her interests. The decision to join the military is a serious one that should never be taken lightly. By the time you finish the paperwork, you will have agreed to lay your life on the line for your country. It takes a special type of person to fulfill this job, one that the military determines through various physical and intellectual…
The men and women who join the United States Marine Corps live by a set of core corps values that define the very foundation of their behavior and character. The three Marine Corps values are honor, courage and commitment. Members of the Marine Corps believe these values are the strength which guides every aspect of their service and is the foundation of that service.
If you are on active duty in the U.S. Air Force, you might be considering your options for life after discharge. If you would like to complete a college education, one option is to join your college's Air Force ROTC program. There are many steps to take and career directions to consider once you join the AFROTC. You can complete your education and move on to another professional field, or you can look at becoming a commissioned officer to reenlist in the Air Force. Whatever your decision, there are a few things to keep in mind if you want to…
The M66 ring mount is a weapons mounting point for vehicles, commonly used by the armed forces to arm cargo trucks and troop transports in combat zones. The M66 allows a machine gun to be mounted on a pintle
The mechanical aptitude test is used measure a person’s knowledge of machinery and other physical concepts, including the use of levers, gears, pulley and strings. The test is used for admittance into the military, civil service employment, apprenticeships, emergency service careers and other private sector jobs. Depending on the type of employment, the mechanical aptitude test will cover basic concepts or the ability to solve mechanical equations.
After the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, the government initiated Overseas Contingency Operations, also referred to as OCOs. These are missions in which the military is deployed overseas to combat terrorism, quell uprisings, help provide relief in natural disasters, and instill law and order during civilian unrest. The military hires contractors to provide a number of logistical support functions, including security, construction and transportation services.
Gold has long been considered a precious metal with more value, rarity and importance than silver. The display of gold by leaders signifies power and authority, and in competition silver comes in second place to gold. At first glance, this traditional view seems backwards in the military, where silver insignias outrank those colored gold.
Military service is a selfless act of patriotism. Often, soldiers serve in the Armed Forces and return home disciplined, well-trained and healthy. Unfortunately, some soldiers do not return at all. The U.S. government has multiple programs in place to provide for the families of deceased soldiers. These include Dependency and Indemnity Compensation, Death Gratuity, Death Pension, health care and housing assistance.
A seaman first class is generally recognized under the title of seaman. Seamen are only found in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, as these are maritime-based military organizations. There are two levels of advancement under the rank of seaman and for each service there are different requirements for times in service for advancement. Your duties in the seaman rankings are just as important as your time in service. To advance you will need to meet a combination of both.
The UH 60 Blackhawk provides Marines with extreme mobility in tactical situations. The UH 60 can easily insert and extract squads and provide covering fire with its two 7.62 mm machine guns. The Blackhawk can maneuver a 105 mm howitzer, its five man crew and 30 rounds of ammunition in one load. The Marines, along with the other branches of the armed forces, rely on the Blackhawk to maneuver around, close with and destroy enemy units.
The history of dress blues in the military can find its roots in the Revolutionary War when then-Gen. George Washington commanded his revolutionary soldiers to be outfitted with blue uniform coats. The requirement for wearing national blue was reiterated in Army regulations in 1821 and blue remained the national color of the Army until 1902. Today, all branches of military service, the Marines, Navy, Army and Air Force, have their own variation of a dress blue uniform. Although each is distinct in appearance, they share common requirements for the placement of insignia and badges.
Officier du Genie is French for "engineering officer." In the French military forces an Officier du Genie may refer to an engineering officer in the army, navy or air force. Each has a different role and different duties but what the all have in common is that they are trained as engineers first and foremost and then may enter different services and have different specializations.
Enlisting in the military can be an exciting and intimidating experience. If you've never had to share your living space before enlisting, you will once arriving at the barracks. Barracks are on-base dormitory buildings with a simple outward appearance and ample interior space. Though some buildings may be divided up into separate rooms by partitions, many barracks are completely open, with beds and wardrobes facing each other along each wall. For most, life in the barracks takes some getting used to.
A cutting score in the United States Marine Corps is basically a composite of regular training, proficiency and conduct scores summed up to determine promotion eligibility. Cutting scores are used only for promotion from Lance Corporal (E-3) to Corporal (E-4) and Corporal to Sergeant (E-5). Cutting scores vary by Military Occupational Specialty and rank. Calculating a cutting score usually involves adding up an individual Marine's rifle marksmanship qualification score, proficiency/conduct marks, physical fitness test scores and education points to equal the total cutting score. Monthly cutting scores are published by the Marine Corps Headquarters in Washington, D.C., respective to each…
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) issues military ID cards to eligible dependents of active duty or retired service members, which may include the service member's spouse, former spouse, children, stepchildren, foster children, parents and parents-in-law. The cards are color-coded and generally must be renewed every four years. Dependents can access military benefits with their dependent ID cards, such as exchange stores, commissaries, recreation facilities, theaters, medical care facilities (including TRICARE) and military bases.
Infantry shoulder cords are worn by a number of military personnel, including those soldiers who have completed at least the basic unit of military training. In addition, the cord is typically worn during periods of assignment. Military personnel authorized to wear the shoulder cord must wear it exactly as specified to avoid being considered messy or unkempt; anyone not wearing the shoulder cord in accordance to military guidelines will face military punishment, such as extra duties. Fortunately, putting your military shoulder cord on is not as difficult as one might believe.
Class A Army Service Uniforms are mostly worn by military personnel in workday situations in which business attire is called for, but can also be worn at formal public and official functions. It is imperative that anybody who wears the Class A uniform abides by strict guidelines, and therefore, knowledge about the proper placement of badges, ribbons and insignia is a must. Army parachutists who have jumped with a foreign service are allowed to display only one set of foreign jump wings on their Class A uniform.
Women's combat boots, when new, can be stiff and inflexible. Combat boots are generally made in men's sizes, so the correct size and width for women may be difficult to guess. Some manufacturers sell combat boots designed specifically for women, but they may not be authorized under military regulations. Once you have purchased combat boots, wear them as much as possible so they can adjust to the shape of your feet. If they remain uncomfortable, you may need to make additional adjustments to your combat boots.
If you have just joined or plan to join the U.S. Marines, there are a few things that you should know before heading off to training. You are already aware that the Marines are somewhat particular about a large number of things. One of these is the proper way to make your bunk. Knowing how to do this properly beforehand can save you a lot of time and grief, as well as giving you a leg up over the other recruits.
In the United States military, most branches have a service uniform for general day-to-day duties and a formal uniform for ceremonial occasions, formal social occasions and formal mess functions. This formal wear has developed throughout the history of the U.S. military and is mostly based on the formal wear of the British military. Formal wear is meant to impart gravitas, inspire respect, look impressive and contribute to morale and the overall military discipline of a unit. It is elaborate and multilayered and has many rules and regulations regarding its usage
The United States armed forces, which includes the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps, have soldiers employed in many of the same jobs found in civilian life. For instance, those enlisted in the armed forces may also be lawyers, doctors or engineers. A Marine satellite technician is a highly skilled job within the Marine Corps and has responsibilities similar to the civilian equivalent plus many that are unique to the Marines.
The U.S. military is the strongest in the world, and much of that strength is owed to its personnel. In addition to the active units of the Army, there are retired reserve and inactive reserve units composed of service members who have left the military but may be called back to duty under certain circumstances.
The ASVAB is a standardized test designed to give you an idea of the success you will have in a variety of military careers. The test measures your aptitude in a number of subjects, including reading comprehension, vocabulary, mathematics and general sciences. Studying for the ASVAB may be intimidating, but with the right strategy, you will learn to feel comfortable with the material and be prepared to do well on the exam. The science portion of the ASVAB is part of your composite score, so you will want to brush up on your science knowledge if you are feeling out…
Soldiers on deployment and away from their mess halls rely on "meals, ready to eat," or MREs. These shelf-stable food rations contain an entree, side dishes, snacks and condiments, as well as a flameless heater element. While practical in some ways for feeding soldiers on the front lines, MREs are also bulky. Soldiers who must carry many of them for longer deployments often field strip the rations, or remove the unnecessary components, for more efficient transportation. Those who field strip the MREs should not do so for extended time periods; this reduces calories and can lead to weight loss.
The bedding on military bunks is known to be tight, wrinkle-free and perfectly aligned. One of the first things recruits learn is how to make a bunk that instructors are not tempted to tear apart. The military does not provide recruits with fitted sheets, and the tight, wrinkle-free appearance is achieved by a series of folds and stretches. A military bunk is made with two flat sheets, a wool blanket and an encased pillow.
Modular lightweight load-carrying equipment (MOLLE) gear can be customized to provide the user with the most-efficient setup. A MOLLE vest has several horizontal nylon loops, each approximately 1 inch long, that are used to attach magazine and grenade pouches, canteen pouches and first aid kits. MOLLE vests are adjustable in height and width. Soldiers and Marines use MOLLE gear on the battlefield and it's also common among paintballers and Airsoft players.
As defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a muster roll is "a register of the officers and men in a military unit or ship." Essentially, a muster roll lists the names of soldiers in a military unit or regiment. The first recorded use of the term "muster roll" dates to medieval times, and its usage has continued through the centuries, particularly in the United States. In fact, muster rolls remain a key source of historical and genealogical information.
Many former service members decide after they leave the service that they made a mistake in leaving, or they miss the camaraderie and rigors of military life. All branches of the military routinely welcome back individuals with prior service. Whether or not you can get back in depends heavily on what kind of discharge you received. Anyone with an RE-4 reenlistment code, which typically involves a dishonorable discharge, faces a difficult road. Very few succeed, but there is a mechanism for appealing.
An O-ring is a round gasket usually made of some kind of pliable material, such as plastic. They also are made out of metal. A groove tool is a tool used for various purposes, such as for the attachment of O-rings, the removal of O-rings, the retention of O-ring grooves and the retention of internal reliefs. There are many different kinds of O-ring groove tools available, with each type having different sized components. O-ring groove tools are available for purchase online and in stores.
In the military, each branch has its own specialized forces to take on the more difficult and dangerous missions. These specialized forces require additional training and often have strict qualifications to ensure only the best soldiers are part of these teams. Because of the strict requirements to be a member of the Rangers team, potential Rangers must attend a special school to obtain the appropriate training.
Enlisted military members are designated a separation code upon discharge from the military. The code represents the reentry eligibility of the military member based on the service of the member and the manner by which she was discharged. The codes range from RE-1 to RE-4, with each step from RE-1 to RE-4 signifying a diminished prospect of reenlistment. Changing the code requires appealing to the Discharge Review Board. The chances of having your reentry code upgraded hinge upon your ability to persuade the board that your credentials should be reevaluated.
A campaign hat is the dark, wide-brimmed hat worn by military instructors and other personnel. It is durable and weather-resistant. Campaign hats have decorative gold cord around the base of the cap and a strap that extends from the bottom of the hat in a U-shape. The strap holds the hat in place on the wearer's head. The strap is not permanently attached, so the wearer must put it on before donning the hat.
Basic Active Service Date (BASD), also known as Date Initially Entered Military Service, (DIEMS) is an important date for service members of all the military branches. The BASD is the date you use to calculate your time in Active Service (AS). Once you know that figure, you can then calculate your retirement pay and date of eligibility. For new service members, it can be difficult to find out your actual BASD. In many cases, it is not the date you began training. However, with the right directions, you can quickly and accurately discover your BASD.
Honoring soldiers of the U.S. military is a way for Americans to show appreciation for the bravery and sacrifice of the men and women who wear the uniform. Though soldiers are often honored on holidays such as Veteran's Day and Memorial Day, other ways exist of expressing gratitude that is not confined to just one day. Honor a member of the Marine Corps in ways that involve the community or one-on-one personal interaction.
"Active Duty for Operational Support" (ADOS) refers to the active duty status of Reserve personnel. When ADOS personnel receive mobilization orders, they have received what the military refers to as a permanent change of station (PCS). A checklist can prove extremely helpful to military personnel and their families when they are moving.
A soldier in the United States Army may receive a promotion based on a number of criteria. One of these criteria is a system based on promotion points. Any soldier seeking a promotion must complete a promotion point worksheet. Promotion point worksheets are sectioned into three types, all of which must be completed before a consideration of promotion. The three types of promotion point worksheets are the initial, re-evaluation and re-computation. This is but one step in the process of Army promotion.
The life of a service member differs greatly from the life of a civilian. Because being a service member requires tremendous dedication, for many, the entire way in which they live their life is entirely centered around the military. The characteristics of military culture are vastly different from the characteristics of American culture at large, partly due to the uncommon focus and unique living situations that individuals of this group must become accustomed to.
Private is the first and lowest rank attributed to U.S. Army and Marine Corps recruits, bestowed on soldiers during basic combat training and Marines upon completion of boot camp. Soldiers are generally promoted to private second class after successfully finishing basic training, with private first class the next step. There is no private second class in the Marines, but certain criteria, such as college credits, ROTC background or meritorious performance, could lead to a promotion to private first class at the end of boot camp. Being the initial rank, private is an unglamorous position that involves a lot of grunt…
Combat boots come in two standard heights, six inches and eight inches. The height of a combat boot is the distance from the top of the sole to the top of the boot. Military regulations mandate that the laces be woven through each eyelet and tied at the top. The excess ends of combat boot laces, according to Army Regulation 670-1, must be hidden from view at all times.
Members of the U.S. Armed Forces wear insignia that let people know what rank they have earned. Captains in the Army, Air Force and Marine Corps wear two bars that resemble a vertical "equals" symbol. Navy and Coast Guard captains wear insignia that bears an image of a bald eagle with its head turned. All military insignia is worn in the same manner, regardless of branch affiliation.
Civilians have the right to peaceful assemblies. Sometimes two opposing groups assemble near each other causing conflict. Riot and crowd control is one of the more difficult situations that a platoon commander can face. Maintaining a steady hand and good troop control can disburse the crowd while preventing or limiting casualties.
The New Mexico National Guard is a highly skilled, versatile and community-minded military force. It is an organized group of soldiers who are prepared for immediate deployment for state and federal missions, both at home and abroad. National Guard soldiers keep themselves physically fit, trained and combat-ready. As with all armed forces, there is a recognized chain of command. For the New Mexico National Guard, this line of authority follows the same chain of command as the United States Army; authority moves through a series of ranks, in which each soldier is accountable to military personnel with a higher rank.
Alice packs were formerly used by the U.S. military to carry gear, rations and other necessities. Some military units still issue Alice packs. Similar to a rucksack, an Alice pack is a large cloth bag affixed to a metal frame and worn on a service member's back. Webbed nylon straps hold the bag in place, and the wearer can adjust the nylon webbing to make the Alice pack fit more comfortably. Alice packs have been replaced in the military by more modern load-bearing equipment.
The wearing of berets by military personnel started relatively recently. According to the Army Study Guide, this practice didn't start until the early 20th century. It was during World War I that the French started wearing them. The British adopted the beret in 1924. The practice didn't catch on in the United States until the Army relaxed its policies so that commanders could encourage the wearing of morale-boosting apparel. At this time, beret usage began to flourish. Berets are still in use today as of 2011, and the proper handling of them can make them last a long time, regardless…
The Lt. Gen. Leo Marquez Award is given to individuals who work in the United States Air Force. Lieutenant General Leo Marquez is a retired deputy chief of staff for logistics and engineering for the Air Force. The award is given to civilian or military officials in the Air Force who perform excellently with certain professional responsibilities.
A bivy cover is the outer shell of a military sleeping bag set. Military sleeping bag sets contain a lightweight inner liner designed for temperate climates, a heavyweight outer bag for cold weather and a waterproof bivy cover that can be used with one or both of the inner components. The bivy cover fits into the nylon stuff sack provided to contain the entire sleeping bag set. Each branch issues sleeping bag sets to service members. Military sleeping bag sets are also available for purchase by civilians at military surplus stores.
The Arizona Army National Guard is an organization of about 4,000 volunteers who aim to protect and defend their community, state and nation. Combined with Arizona Air National Guard, Joint Military Programs and Emergency Management, it makes up the Arizona Department of Emergency and Military Affairs. Under normal circumstances the members of the Guard are commanded by the Governor of Arizona. When called upon to serve their country, the President of the United States becomes their commander.
Military regulations for each branch require every service member to blouse his pants when in uniform. There are a few exceptions to the rules: pregnant and injured service members may be exempt, as are those who are wearing daily service uniforms during physical training. The term "blousing" simply means to create a ballooned look around the ankle of each pant leg above the boot. Pants can be bloused by tucking the ankle holes into boots, wearing boot blousers or by tying the drawstring at each ankle.
Marksmen are soldiers who are especially skilled with their rifles or with other projectile weapons. In World War II, these men -- and women -- featured in the armies of many countries. Many World War II marksmen were known as snipers; both groups used essentially the same skills, with the term sniper denoting a marksman specifically trained to specialize in precision kills with a rifle.
Staff sergeant is a rank of noncommissioned officer used within various branches of the United States military. These officers are appointed to a position of authority over other enlisted members without being given a commission. According to Jordan Chapman, a writer for the official homepage of the United States Army, noncommissioned officers, such as the staff sergeant, often are referred to as the "backbone" of the armed services.
As so many military families know, dealing with the deployment of a loved one is one of the most difficult aspects of military life. It is hard on both the military member and the family that remains behind. Follow some tried and true steps to ease the pain of deployment for both service member and family.
DoDIIS stands for the Department of Defense Intelligence Information System. Policies governing the test and evaluation procedures of the DoDIIS have been published in a 1999 document titled "Test and Evaluation Policy for Department of Defense Intelligence Information System Intelligence Mission Applications." The primary goal of this DoDIIS document is to provide data to determine whether an application adheres to operating requirements and standards and whether or not it is worth the risk of introducing the application to the field.
Each branch of the U.S. Armed Forces has its own regulation on tattoos and body modifications. Generally, tattoos cannot be "excessive" -- but each branch defines that word differently. Regulations in each branch are subject to change. However, when a regulation becomes less permissive, a service member with tattoos that were allowed under the previous policy is not penalized. Before getting a new tattoo, service members should check their branch's current regulations to avoid breaking any rules.
Serving in the military is a serious undertaking which requires dedication and responsibility. To ensure you obtain the maximum benefits after leaving --- and to give a positive impression to potential employers --- receiving an honorable discharge is vital. Various codes have been used for different discharge reasons over the years and negative ones can have troubling consequences, so prepare to serve honorably for a good future.
Whether you want to join "the few and the proud," or "be all that you can be," enlisting in the U.S. armed forces is a noble and honorable desire. Yet you may run into an obstacle if you do not meet one of the many qualifications to join, such as requirements related to criminal or medical history. In those instances, you can write a request for a waiver, but be certain to include valid and explainable reasons that will convince military recruiters you deserve special consideration.
Officer Candidates School prepares marine candidates for the life of a Corps officer. Physical fitness is an essential component to OCS, counting for 25 percent of your total evaluation score. According to the United States Marine Corps Officer Candidates School, musculoskeletal injuries are the biggest reason a candidate is unable to complete his OCS course. Most injuries and medical conditions do not cause a permanent medical disqualification and, after you complete your healing period, you are eligible to reapply.
You don't have to be an active military member to perform military duties. Private military companies (PMCs) employ and train individuals to work in many of the same jobs held by military personnel. By joining a PMC, you become a member of a private defense organization that receives outsourced work from governments and businesses. For instance, a PMC offers assistance in combat situations by sending members to official military branches such as the Army or Navy. Or, a business that needs security may seek the help of a PMC to provide trained individuals to protect its buildings and executives. Some…
Army drill sergeants train the next generation of soldiers, instilling Army values and standards on the newest recruits. Before assignment to this important role, future drill sergeants are trained at the Army Drill Instructor School at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Since the army doesn't allow just anyone to fill the role of drill sergeant, a series of prerequisites are in place to ensure only the top candidates wear the drill instructor's hat.
If you haven't kept in touch with a soldier through social media, by email or by phone, it's easy to lose track of his whereabouts. The Department of the Army directs soldiers to move frequently. Locations, telephone numbers and email addresses for soldiers are maintained in the "White Pages" section of Army Knowledge Online, the Army's official portal for soldiers. With an AKO account, a service member, dependent or military contractor can ferret out information on a soldier that isn't available elsewhere.
You may find military service to be a great positive in your life; after a tour of duty you may want to re-enlist. The military's acceptance of your application, however, does rest on the acceptability of your actions during your previous tour; after an RE-4 or other dishonorable discharge, you may have to make a particular effort to re-enter the service. Fortunately, military regulations do offer at least some means to try to accomplish this goal.
Even for a married couple, a military deployment can strain the relationship and cause issues between the spouses. If the couple is unmarried, especially if they have been together for only a short time, that strain can be even more severe. To come out of a deployment with a stronger relationship with your boyfriend, it's important to learn how to deal with his deployment. This is even more important if you plan to stay together for the long term.
Brown suede Army combat uniform, or ACU, boots were introduced on June 14, 2004 to replace the black combat boots that required shining for inspections. The suede ACU boots are protective and made for hot weather. There is an interior that wicks away moisture from your feet in hot climates. The thick rubber outer sole improves traction on rocky and uneven terrain for balance. ACU boots absorb stains on the suede outside that needs cleaning to pass inspection. Suede boot degreaser and spot remover kits are available in shoe stores, Army surplus stores and online to keep your boots clean.
Flak jackets are used by military forces to protect troops from bullets, any indirect projectile or shrapnel from an enemy attack. Wilkinson Sword was the first company to develop flak jackets to protect the British air force the shrapnel of the German anti-aircraft guns in World War II. Later, flak jackets evolved from heavy nylon jacket with minimum protection to light weight Flecktarn flak vests with titanium jackets, some models of which are capable of stopping high-velocity projectiles.
Joining the military is a big decision, one that requires adequate background information. The amount of discipline necessary to be in the military is more than many realize when they enlist. One way to prepare yourself for the journey is to talk to a recruiter. Recruitment officers are the gateway into the military. Your enlistment depends on a personal interview, a medical questionnaire, a basic skills test and a complete physical. The military offers online applications, but a recruiter will contact you to complete the rest of the steps.
Sonar is the primary means of detecting submarines. Active sonar uses a transmitter that sends out sound pulses, while a receiver collects returning echoes. Active sonar is used for either shallow water, less than 100 fathoms, or deep water transmissions. Passive sonar simply receive sound signals and does not send them. However, passive sonar can receive signals in either shallow or deep water.
Military relocation is the required movement of a soldier from one post to another. The military has a relocation-reimbursement policy that helps pay some of soldier's moving expenses. The reimbursement policy pays the essential moving costs for a soldier changing posts. Different programs cover a variety of your needs as a soldier, including the day-to-day cost of travel, hotel fees, temporary housing in your new hometown and assistance to help you pay for necessary improvements to make your new home livable.
The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, or ASVAB, is a required entry exam that every person must take before enlisting in the military. The first goal of the ASVAB is to determine if you possess the necessary mental aptitudes required to enter your desired branch of the armed forces. The second goal is to give the military an idea of which careers that the military should suggest for your military experience.
The senior enlisted leaders, advisers and representatives are the highest non-commissioned posts in the various branches of the U.S. military. Their jobs require good management and leadership skills. The SELs, SEAs and SERs act as liaisons to the officers above them and report to the higher-ups on the state of all enlisted men and women. The senior enlisted leaders help influence policy and ensure that military standards along with the officers' orders are upheld.
A Cav Scout is a Cavalry Scout for the United States Army. The Cavalry Scout has an extremely important job to do. They assist the commander in the field, often during battle, to inform him about possible dangers and surroundings. Knowledge of weaponry, vehicles and tracking the enemy are all significant aspects of the Cavalry Scout's job in the Army. If this is a job that you want, and you are not already above the rank of sergeant in the Army, you can start getting ready for it now.
Dog tags have been in use in some form since the Civil War and continue to be used today. Dog tags are the two, small metal tags most commonly worn around the neck of soldiers. The two tags are identical and are called dog tags because they resemble very closely the tags a dog wears on his collar.
The United States Naval Academy has served as one of the primary educational institutions for U.S. Navy officers since 1845. Students at the Naval Academy, known as Midshipmen, go through a variety of training programs including common undergraduate coursework and Navy-specific training. If you want to earn access to this prestigious institution of the United States military, you will need to complete the necessary application work in addition to meeting rigorous admissions standards.
In the military, it can be hard to be a single soldier. Obligations of service duties make it difficult to get time alone to kick back with other singles in the service. Luckily, the military recognizes this need and created a program called Better Opportunities for Single Soldiers (BOSS) in 1989. As a result, there are a wide variety of activities and events for military singles around the United States today.
Since 1946, more than 7 million recruits have entered basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio. Since 2008, the curriculum of the basic military training program has included Basic Expeditionary Airman Skills Training (BEAST).
The Yakota Air Base is an American Air Force base located near Tokyo, Japan and is where many of those in the military are stationed in the Pacific. If you are moving to the Yakota Air Base, you will need to get used to the Japanese culture. If you want to get cable television to view American programming, you will need to contact a Japanese cable provider to order the cable service for your living quarters.
The United States Armed Forces consists of five branches -- the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Coast Guard and Air Force. When joining a branch of the military, a new recruit generally signs a contract committing him to a certain number of years of in the service. A military member can leave the military early through a variety of means that can earn him an honorable, general, other than honorable conditions, bad conduct or dishonorable discharge.
Once basic training is complete, Marines head on for further, more intensive training. Noninfantry Marines attend Marine Combat Training (MCT). During this time, Marines live in the barracks away from family and friends for more in-depth training on weapons and combat. While most of your necessary items will be provided once you arrive at MCT, there are a few things you should be sure to bring with you.
The Civil Air Patrol was created in the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor by concerned citizens interested in defending the country. First associated with the Army Air Corps, the Civil Air Patrol is currently an auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force. Like other service and military organizations, the Civil Air Patrol has its own set of battle dress uniforms (BDUs). They are available online.
Becoming a drill sergeant in the military is the dream of many new recruits. However, it takes time and discipline to accomplish this. Drill sergeants are stereotyped in popular culture as harsh, dehumanizing authority figures. In reality, drill sergeants have more complex roles and are charged with preparing new soldiers with the ability to emotionally cope with war as well as conditioning them physically.
When a service member is discharged from the United States military, his release from duty is characterized into one of several categories. Categories of discharge include honorable, under honorable conditions, other than honorable, bad conduct and uncharacterized. Medical discharges generally fall into one of the first three categories. Service members discharged for medical reasons may be entitled to compensation from the military. However, if the discharge is not officially recorded as medical, the Department of Veterans Affairs cannot award benefits.