Executive committees are started for a variety of reasons. Instead of relying on the decision-making abilities of one individual, executive committees put together the expertise of several individuals who volunteer to run a non-profit organization or program. These executive committee members work instead to further a cause they care about.
An executive committee has executive power within an organization, such as an educational institution or a non-profit organization. The executive committee delegates responsibilities to the executive director. The executive committee evaluates the executive director and determines how he or she will be compensated. The executive committee meets and determines what the agenda of the board will be. Issues that must be discussed are discussed by the executive committee. The executive committee also reports its actions to the board of directors. In smaller organizations and projects, the committee often is the board.
The executive committee is often divided up into different positions and each position usually has its own separate duties. The commissioner is responsible for all business and operations within the organization. The president is the official representative of the company and makes sure that the company remains focused on its goals. The vice president oversees general business along with the commissioner, receives special duties from the president and acts as the president when the president is not available. The secretary is responsible for the operating structure of the company. The treasurer is responsible for handling all finances and bookkeeping.
Executive committees work in a variety of settings. Committees that are a part of an educational institution sometimes have rooms provided to them by the educational institution, though they are sometimes forced to meet in other locations, such as libraries. Non-profit organizations have conditions dependent on how much revenue the organization generates.
The amount of education needed by members of executive committees varies. Those who are a part of an executive committee in a post-secondary educational institution usually need at least a doctorate. Those who work for non-profits normally do not need any formal education, though experience in finance and accounting can be useful for the treasurer.
The executive committee of a non-profit organization does not usually earn any income, since those who run non-profit organizations are not able to obtain a tax exempt status while earning an income. Educational administrators usually do not earn any extra income for being a part of a committee, but do earn income for their work as administrators. The median salary for educational administrators in 2008 was $92,920, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
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