Facts About Peru Native Flowers


The South American nation of Peru boasts a wealth of flowers. Peru's most famous export to the rest of the world is the potato, which was first grown on the Andes Mountains. Marie Antoinette of France used to wear potato flowers in her hair as decoration. But potatoes are just one of the many flowering plants of this country.


  • A popular houseplant around the world, orchids grow naturally in some of the wetter areas of Peru. Recognizable for their delicate shapes, orchids come in all sizes and colors. The San Martin area of Peru is known as "Land of the Orchids" because of its many varietals, including Anguloa, Cattleya, Bollea, Coryanthes, Lycaste and more.

Puya Raimondi

  • This endangered flower has the strange characteristic of only flowering once every 100 years. It can grow up to very large sizes, and can be seen in Husacarán National Park, in the department of Ancash. Finding these flowers in the wild is nearly impossible.


  • The national flower of Peru is a bell-shaped pink flower called the Cantuta. A favorite flower of the Incas, the name is derived from their indigenous language. It grows mostly in the Mantaro Valley in the department of Junín.


  • When people think of the potato, most think of the edible tuber, not the flower. But a field of potatoes flowering in the Andes is a sight to see. The potato flowers with small, delicate white flowers. The potato is Peru's most famous export to the rest of the world.


  • Sometimes spelled "zapote," this fleshy fruit grows all over Latin America, and produces small white flowers. Different kinds of zapote are native to different countries--the Mexican black-fleshed zapote is very distinctive--but in Peru the most common kind is the so-called South American Sapote.

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  • Photo Credit flower potato image by lena Letuchaia from Fotolia.com
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