Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that aims to minimize fever, inflammation and pain in dogs. Dogs who have musculoskeletal disorders such as arthritis are often administered ketoprofen. Although the drug can be purchased over the counter, you need to get your vet's permission and guidance before using it.
Ketoprofen, like other NSAIDS, functions by inhibiting the development of chemicals known as prostaglandins, which are lipid compounds involved in inflammation. Ketoprofen is believed to be safer for canines than ibuprofen, aspirin and the non-opiate analgesic acetaminophen. Ketoprofen must be administered alongside food.
Ketoprofen comes in tablet form. When dogs are in the hospital, they're sometimes administered it in injectable form, however. Ketoprofen is also frequently used in cats and horses.
Veterinarians recommend ketoprofen use in dogs for a number of different reasons. Ketoprofen can decrease pain, lameness and inflammation that's associated with medical conditions such as hip dysplasia, osteoarthritis, panosteitis, spondylosis and disc disorders. It's also frequently given to dogs to temporarily relieve pain after surgical procedures.
Possible Side Effects
With veterinary direction, this drug is usually safe for pets. It can sometimes cause the following side effects, however:
- Lack of appetite
- Heightened thirst
- Weight loss
Kidney and liver poisoning are both possible effects of ketoprofen in dogs. If your dog has kidney or liver poisoning, he might exhibit signs such as:
- Lack of desire to eat
Intestinal tract bleeding is also possible. Indications of this include:
- Bloody, tarry or black feces
- Throwing up blood
Ketoprofen isn't suitable for use in all canines. If a dog has a confirmed allergy to this drug, he shouldn't be administered it. It's not suitable for animals who have any blood, heart or liver problems. If a dog has a bleeding condition such as Von Willebrand disease, ketoprofen could cause excessive bleeding. Ketoprofen is also not suitable for those with gastrointestinal ailments such as ulcers.
Interactions between ketoprofen and different drugs are also possible. This medication has the potential to interact with other kinds of NSAIDs, aspirin, methotrexate, heparin and corticosteroids. Make sure your veterinarian is fully aware of your pet's medication use.
Inform your vet immediately if you think your dog consumed more ketoprofen than he was prescribed. Always abide strictly by administration and dosage instructions the vet provided you. Overdoses of this drug can lead to liver damage, kidney damage, protein loss and gastrointestinal ulcers.
If you notice any possible side effects of ketoprofen in your pet, contact your veterinarian without delay.