What Is Tracheal Bronchitis?

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Tracheal bronchitis is a condition also known as laryngotracheobronchitis. This is an inflammation of the lower respiratory tract. Tracheal bronchitis upsets additional areas of the tracheal tree and it affects tonsils in children. Causes of tracheal bronchitis also known as croup are chemical irritants, viruses, allergies or bacterial infections.

Symptoms

  • Symptoms of tracheal bronchitis include trouble breathing because the passageway is constricted, resulting in a severe cough, breathlessness and hoarseness of the voice. Some children may turn bluish and their breathing may become noisy because of the lack of oxygen. This leads to mucus and congestion, which makes it hard to cough.

Causes

  • Tracheal bronchitis occurs more frequently throughout the winter months, and is generally a minor to upper respiratory infection. The causes of tracheal bronchitis include cold air, dust, irritating gas, viruses, bacteria and allergies.

Considerations

  • This condition remains a threat to many people. In controlling tracheal bronchitis and other respiratory infections, doctors are required to pay more attention on their skills and knowledge about this illness. Antibiotics should assure effectiveness in the management of bronchitis. The preferred antibiotics will need to have low side effects, and tissue penetration must be good and offer action against principal respiratory organisms.

Treatment

  • Usually, patients get prompt treatment. Before a patient is given an antibiotic, the doctor will have to inform patients and explain to them that if the cough persists for a couple of days, there is no need to panic and rush into the doctor's clinic. Viral infections generally go away in five to seven days, with an adequate amount of rest, remaining warm and drinking enough water. However, if the bronchitis is produced by bacteria, the coughing may persist. In that case, it will be time to see your doctor.

Complications

  • Doctors may suggest acetaminophen to reduce fever and relieve minor aches and pains, which may make it easier for your child to relax and breathe easier. Severe illness of croup must be seen by your physician. Complications, including respiratory distress, could happen in children whose breathing becomes labored. Dehydration may become an issue if the child is constricted and not ingesting a sufficient amount of fluids.

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References

  • Photo Credit medical thermomete image by terex from Fotolia.com
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