The lymphatic system contains a network of vessels that carry a fluid called lymph through the body. Lymph contains lymphocytes, or white blood cells, the cells of the immune system that fight disease. The lymph nodes filter the lymph and can become cancerous. There are about 35 types of lymphocytes that can be implicated in lymph node (lymphoma) cancers. According to the website Emedicinehealth, lymphoma is the most common type of blood cancer in the United States.
Lymphoma prognosis varies depending on the type, age at diagnosis and prior health problems. Lymphoma can be Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's and it can be indolent or aggressive. The difference between Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas is in the specific lymphocyte (white blood cell) it affects. The presence of a Reed-Sternberg cell, a specific kind of white blood cell abnormality, indicates Hodgkin's lymphoma. If the Reed-Sternberg cell is not present, the lymphoma is of the non-Hodgkin's variety, according to the Mayo Clinic. Indolent lymphoma is low-grade, meaning it is slow-moving and easier to treat. Aggressive lymphoma spreads quickly and can rapidly progress from stage 1 to stage 4. Determining your variety of lymphoma is the first step in determining your predicted life expectancy.
Stage 3 Lymphoma
Stage 3 lymphoma is the penultimate stage of the illness, when it has reached the internal organs, bone marrow and blood. On average, the earlier the stage of the lymphoma, the better the chances for survival. Patients experiencing stage 3 lymphoma who show no other symptoms (like fever, night sweats and weight loss) have a better prognosis than those who do, according to the website Lymphoma Info.
According to the American Cancer Society, there are several factors to take into consideration when making a life expectancy prognosis. In addition to the stage of the disease, other important factors include: age; whether the cancer is in organs outside the lymph system; how well a person can perform daily activities; and blood serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which rise quickly when tumors are fast-growing. Based on these criteria, doctors assess survival rates for each risk group: low, intermediate and high.
State 3 Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
The five-year survival rate for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the high-risk category is 53 percent, according to the American Cancer Society. The ten-year survival rate for this group is 36 percent. The average five-year survival rate is 63 percent. The average ten-year survival rate is 51 percent.
Stage 3 Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Hodgkin's lymphoma is the rarer of the two forms. The average five-year survival rate is 85 percent, while the average ten-year survival rate is 81 percent. As therapies develop, life expectancies get longer. There has been a significant improvement in outcomes since the 1970s. Today 92 percent of Hodgkin's lymphoma patients survive for at least a year after diagnosis.
- Photo Credit a l"Ã©coute du patient image by Emmanuel MARZIN from Fotolia.com
What Is Stage II Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a form of cancer that arises from the lymphocytes. There are various types of lymphoma, and lymphoma is often categorized...
Prognosis for Stage 3 Breast Cancer
According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 192,000 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer during 2009. Approximately 62,000 will be...
What Is the Prognosis for Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that is found in the lymph system. The lymph system is primarily responsible for fighting infections...
Melanoma Stage III Prognosis
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that can be very dangerous if left untreated. It develops within the skin, and affects...
Stage Three Lymphoma Prognosis
Stage III lymphoma refers to a lymphomatic cancer that has advanced and spread beyond the lymph nodes in which the cancer originated....
Life Expectancy With Lymphoma
Lymphoma is a form of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system. There are many types of lymphoma, but they are usually...
Lymph Node Cancer Cure Rate
If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with lymph node cancer, otherwise known as Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease, this...
Stage 3 Cancer Life Expectancy
Understanding the odds of survival is a good starting point for treating cancer, because once you understand the odds you can resolve...
About Esophageal Cancer Life Expectancy
Esophageal cancer is one of the more deadly forms of the disease. Although science has worked hard to increase the average survival...
Stage 3 Lung Cancer Life Expectancy
In the United States, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among males and females. Lung cancer is more fatal...
What Does Stage 3 Lymph Node Cancer Mean?
Cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow rapidly and destroy body tissue. Lymph node cancer, also known as lymphoma, is abnormal cell growth...