Teacher salaries vary widely across Canada. Different provinces and territories pay teachers different amounts. The discipline being taught also has a strong impact on salary. There are also differences between teachers at various levels. University professors, for example, earn more than primary school teachers. Because most teaching jobs in Canada are unionized, experience also has a direct impact on salaries.
According to a 2004 report by EducationCanada.com, Alberta ranked first among the provinces in teachers' salaries with an average minimum of $43,653. The lowest-ranking province was Prince Edward Island with an average minimum salary of $30,351. In Canada's territories salaries were considerably higher. The high cost of living combined with the remoteness of the territories have led to increased incentives for teachers to go there. The average minimum salary in the Yukon, for example, was $56,717.
According to Worldsalaries.org, Canada has the eighth-highest salaries for university professors. The average monthly take-home pay for Canadian professors was $2,524 in U.S. dollars, with an average gross salary of $4,631 per month. The United States, Japan, Germany, Australia, the United Kingdom, Italy and Kuwait all outranked Canada in this area.
According to a 2008 report from the Canadian magazine Maclean's, the salaries of professors vary by discipline, with professors in business and law making more than professors of philosophy and literature. The discrepancies are especially striking in the province of Quebec.
According to EducationCanada.com, there are a number of potential fringe benefits to consider when contemplating a teaching career in Canada. Benefits provided in some, but not all, teachers' union contracts in Canada include supplementary insurance, dental and life insurance, compassionate leave, cumulative sick leave, long-term disability insurance, maternity leave, retirement benefits, sabbatical and study leave.
Teaching Shortage or Glut
Different reports by different media outlets have claimed that Canada faces either a shortage of teachers and a glut. According to a January 2008 report from the National Post, whether there is a shortage or a glut depends on the area of education. There is an oversupply of humanities teachers and a shortage of teachers in subjects such as math, science and French.
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