What Is the Natural Habitat of a Hedgehog?


Hedgehogs are omnivores found naturally throughout Europe, Africa and Asia. They also have become popular as pets due to their cute appearance, quirky vocalizations and gentle personalities. Their spikes and curved spines enable them to curl into a protective ball when they're threatened.


  • Hedgehogs naturally occur in Africa, Asia and Europe and have been introduced in New Zealand. However, populations tend to be localized within these ranges, rather than widespread. They can thrive in urban and suburban as well as rural areas, and because their diet includes many pests, they're popular with gardeners.

Climate and Terrain

  • Hedgehogs live in arid and semi-arid zones with abundant shelter. They aren't usually found in damp locations, and they build their nests on dry ground in protected spots. They prefer ranges with grassland, hedges, shrubbery or similar foliage, and they enjoy climbing. In some areas, such as the United Kingdom, hedgehogs may hibernate through the winter.


  • Hedgehogs are nocturnal predators that prefer to feed on insects, worms, snails and slugs. Their diet may also include mammals, birds, fruit, roots, frogs and even venomous snakes, which they can eat without negative effects. Hedgehogs consume approximately one-third of their body weight each night, according to the African Wildlife Foundation.

Home Range

  • Hedgehogs construct their nests on dry ground in sheltered spots, such as under bushes, in rock crevices or under buildings. They develop trails through their range, which is about 400 feet around their nests, according to the African Wildlife Foundation, and patrol in search of food.


  • Hedgehogs are solitary except when mating or when a female is raising a litter. They don't usually intrude on each other's territory, but they can coexist with animals, such as cats and dogs.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit hedgehog image by Edsweb from Fotolia.com
Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • Hedgehog Adaptation

    Not just a speedy blue video game character, hedgehogs are found on several continents throughout the globe. These spiny animals have adapted...

  • How to Care for a Hedgehog

    Domestic hedgehogs are smart, inquisitive pets but also need regular care and attention to remain socialized and healthy.

  • How to Set Up a Hedgehog Habitat

    The International Hedgehog Association reports that their membership represents three continents. It's evident that hedgehogs are quickly becoming one of the most...

  • The Differences Between a Porcupine and a Hedgehog

    The porcupine and hedgehog are prickly mammals. They are often confused because they both have sharp, needlelike quills on their body. However,...

  • Bizarre Hedgehog Stories

    You have to hear about these bizarre hedgehog stories. Watch this free video clip and see for yourself.

  • Where Do Hedgehogs Live?

    The natural living environment of hedgehogs is found in Europe and Africa, in both cold and tropical climates. Hedgehogs from cold areas...

  • African Pygmy Hedgehog Facts

    African pygmy hedgehogs are insectivores that are found in northern and western Africa. Discover facts about African pygmy hedgehogs with information from...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Build and Grow a Salad Garden On Your Balcony

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!