On a basic color wheel, red appears between its sister primaries, blue and yellow. Reds with yellowish undertones are warm and vivid, while reds leaning toward blue are cooler and less intense. Red combined with its complement, green, which is directly across from it on the color wheel, is grayer and more subdued. Each variation of red can be further altered by adding white to form tints and by adding black to form shades. The result is a large, diverse family tree, stemming from the basic color called red.
Fire Up With Glowing Red
Lively, bright red with notes of yellow, which express heat and energy, are sometimes described with names such as:
- Fire engine
- Lava red
- Coral red
Luxuriate in Luscious Red
Luscious red leaning toward blue to express love and opulence is described with names such as:
- Candy apple
Warm to the Nature of Earthy Red
Red leaning toward its complement, green, forms earthy, brownish tones that carry names such as:
- Marsala (Pantone 2015 color of the year)
- Raw sienna
- Indian red
Tints are Red on Tiptoes
Tints of red range from coral pink to pastel rose to warm white. Adding white to coral red produces coral pink; adding white to rose forms pastel pink; and adding white to brick red forms warm white. Tints multiply the color possibilities of any red tone and modify the strength of the pure color. Tints often express sweetness, gentleness and innocence. Well-known tints of red include:
- Salmon pink
- Coral pink
- Pale rose pink
Shades Add Depth to Empower Red
Shades of red, formed by adding black to the basic color, deepen the original tone and further expand the expressive possibilities of red to include mystery and strength. Familiar examples of these deep colors include:
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