Constant lower leg pain, also known as chronic lower leg pain, describes any constant discomfort in the one or both of the legs. Leg pain is often caused from physical injury, but it can also be a sign or symptom of a medical condition or illness. Treatment for constant leg pain includes therapy, medication and in some instances, surgery.
Leg pain can occur anywhere in the legs, from the hips to the heels and in any of the joints such as the knees or ankles. Leg pain comes in many forms: shooting, stabbing, sharp, aching, tender or tingling. It can also come at varying intensities. Mild leg pain is annoying, where severe leg pain can be unbearable and hinder an individual's ability to move around.
The most obvious cause of leg pain is physical injury to the legs. For example, slips, falls, twists and leg injuries can damage muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons in the legs. Back injuries can also cause sciatica, a shooting pain down the legs. Fractures, which are broken or cracked bones, sprains and strains are the most common forms of leg injuries and are frequently seen in elderly and athletic patients. Treatment includes rest, casts and in some situations, surgery.
Vascular disorders such as blood clots, narrowed arteries that restrict blood flow and infections can also cause constant leg pain in the lower legs. For example, peripheral artery disease, a condition that causes decreased arterial blood supply due to narrowing of blood vessels in the leg, causes leg pain during movement. Similarly, individuals with deep vein thrombosis experience chronic pain in the thigh and lower leg.
Constant lower leg pain is a specific sign or symptom of the following conditions: bone cancer, chronic exertional compartment syndrome, claudication, fibromyalgia, gout, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, dehydration, Osgood-Schlatter disease, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, thrombophlebitis or varicose veins. Treatment for these conditions includes medication, dietary changes, physical therapy and surgery.
All constant leg pain should be discussed with a medical professional. However, obtain immediate medical attention if the pain leaves you unable to walk, the leg or legs are swollen, red and warm to the touch or you have a fever.
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