Hyaluronic Acid Side Effects

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Hyaluronic acid, also known as hyaluronate sodium, is a medication used in the alleviation of pain caused by osteoarthritis. The medication works by lubricating the affected joint, which in turn relieves the painful symptoms associated with the condition. As with most joint medications, a number of side effects have become associated with using the drug.

Hyaluronate sodium is typically administered through injections
Hyaluronate sodium is typically administered through injections (Image: Fuse/Fuse/Getty Images)

Common Side Effects

As mentioned, certain side effects are associated with using hyaluronic acid. Some of these side effects include headache, diarrhea, itching of the skin, stomach pain, swelling of the knee, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and large swollen patches of skin. While these are considered the most common side effects associated with this medication, they only affect a small number of users.

Common Side Effects
Common Side Effects (Image: Wavebreakmedia Ltd/Wavebreak Media/Getty Images)

Severe Side Effects

Unfortunately, a number of severe side effects are also associated with using hyaluronic acid. Some of these side effects include difficulty swallowing, coughing, fever, redness and swelling at the injection site, tightness of the chest, trouble breathing, wheezing, swelling of the eyelids and lips, skin rash, and hives. These side effects are extremely rare and affect less than 5 percent of users.

Severe Side Effects
Severe Side Effects (Image: Lisa F. Young/iStock/Getty Images)

Important Safety Information

Tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any type of food or medication before beginning treatment with hyaluronic acid. Tests have not been done on pregnant women while taking this medication and it is unknown if the drug will have an adverse effect on an unborn baby. It is also unknown whether or not the medication is excreted in breast milk, so use extreme caution if breastfeeding while using this drug.

Important Safety Information
Important Safety Information (Image: Digital Vision./Photodisc/Getty Images)

Usage

Always use this medication exactly as it was prescribed by your doctor and never in dosages larger than what has been recommended on the label. The medication is administered through an injection and should be performed by a doctor or nurse in a professional medical setting. Avoid any type of strenuous activity within the first 48 hours of using this medication to prevent serious injury.

Usage
Usage (Image: Jupiterimages/Polka Dot/Getty Images)

Warning

If you experience any of the aforementioned side effects, contact your local physician immediately.

If an overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center and head directly to the nearest emergency room.

Hyaluronic acid is meant to treat pain in the joints only and should never be used for any other medical purpose unless specifically prescribed by a doctor.

Warning
Warning (Image: Braden Gunem/iStock/Getty Images)

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