Diabetes is often preceded by a period of pre-diabetes. If you are at high risk for diabetes, it is important to know the symptoms of pre-diabetes. While this condition is not as dangerous as diabetes and can be controlled with diet, it can still cause damage to your body if not handled correctly. Proper care can prevent it developing into diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when your blood sugar levels are not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes, yet they are still higher than normal. According to Mayo Clinic, more than 54 million Americans have pre-diabetes. The American Diabetes Association states that those who have pre-diabetes have a high chance of becoming diabetic.
Pre-diabetes does not always have symptoms, but there are usually some warning signs. These include frequent urination, extreme hunger, blurry vision, fatigue, frequent infections, increased thirst and weight loss. The primary symptom for this condition is elevated blood glucose levels
Identifying the symptoms of pre-diabetes can be difficult, as you may not have any symptoms at all. One of the best ways to determine whether or not you have this condition is by making an appointment with your doctor to be tested. Your physician will give you one of two tests that will determine your blood glucose level. These tests are known as the oral glucose tolerance test and the fasting plasma glucose test. Both are equally successful in determining your blood glucose level.
According to the American Diabetes Association, if your blood glucose level is between 100 mg and 126 mg during a fasting plasma glucose test, you are most likely pre-diabetic. The same is true if your glucose level is between 140 and 200 milligrams during the oral glucose tolerance test.
The American Diabetes Association states that, with proper treatment, pre-diabetes can be prevented from developing into type 2 diabetes. By keeping your weight in a normal range, eating properly and avoiding foods and beverages that dramatically raise your blood glucose level, you can successfully prevent symptoms of pre-diabetes and the risk of type 2 diabetes. By managing pre-diabetes properly, you may also be able to cure this condition and reverse the risk of becoming diabetic.
While the pre-diabetic condition is not as debilitating as diabetes, it still has risks. When your blood glucose level is above normal, it can cause damage to your circulatory system and heart. If the condition is not managed, type 2 diabetes is inevitable. Type 2 diabetes is a condition that occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin or does not absorb enough insulin to properly manage your blood glucose levels. Diabetes can be fatal if not managed correctly.