Roof tile is a finish material used to cover the structural roof framing in a residential or commercial building. There are many different types of tile available, and each offers its own unique features and benefits. When comparing types of roofing tile consider factors such as cost, lifespan, design and maintenance.
Roofing tile is used to protect the home from exterior elements such as rain, snow, hail, wind and sun. It helps keep the structural framing system dry and covered so it is not damaged or compromised. Depending on the installation, tiles can improve roof insulation levels and help keep the home cool in hot climates. Many types of roof tile are also chosen for their aesthetic appeal, particularly for Spanish or Mission style homes.
Traditional roof tiles were made from natural clay baked to remove moisture. Newer cement versions offer a similar design, but are often more affordable than those made from clay. Both clay and concrete tiles are often made in a distinctive "U" or "S" shape, though some versions are also flat and designed to interlock. Slate roof tiles are made from natural stone, and are often chosen for their appearance and style.
Tile roofing is very versatile and long-lasting. Clay roof tiles can often last for centuries with little to no maintenance, while newer concrete or slate versions will almost always outlast other roofing materials. These tiles are fire-resistant and easy to repair when damaged by wind or other elements. Most tile roofing materials are left unfinished, and will not require painting to maintain their appearance.
One of the primary drawbacks to roofing tile is its relatively heavy weight, especially when compared to wood or asphalt shingles. Most buildings cannot withstand the weight of these tiles unless they are specially built to receive them. Tiles are also more expensive than many other materials, though concrete is often half the price of clay or slate. Clay tiles are too fragile to walk on, so repairs and installation should be performed by professionals to prevent damage.
Most roofing tiles are installed over roof sheathing and a moisture barrier like building paper or felt. Flat tiles can be installed directly to the roof deck, similar to shingles. Rounded clay or concrete tiles require wooden battens or steel lathes for installation. Each unit is alternated (facing up or down) so that the tiles interlock, producing a water-tight roof surface. Tiles that face down are anchored to the lathe or batten, which is installed perpendicular to the eaves along the roof surface.
- Photo Credit Tim Eschaton: Flickr.com
Types of Tile Roofs
There is a lot to take into consideration when looking at the different types of tile roofs. The style of the home,...
Types of Clay Roof Tiles
Clay roof tiles are one of the oldest types of roofing materials, dating back hundreds of years. They are made from natural...
Types of Concrete Roof Tiles
Concrete roof tiles have made major improvements in recent years in both quality and style. While concrete tiles were once available in...
Types of Old Asbestos Roof Tiles
Asbestos was used in many homes built during the 20th century. Up until the 1970s, asbestos was used in a variety of...
Types of Terra Cotta Roof Tile
Terra cotta roof tiles are made from clay that has been fired in a kiln and are known for their characteristic red-brown...
Different Types of Roofing
Different Types of Roofing. ... Clay tiles also will give your roof a Spanish architectural style that you may not find suitable...
Spanish Tile Roofing Material Alternatives
Spanish roof tiles traditionally have been made from clay. Spanish roof tiles are the most popular kind of roof tile used today,...
What Are the Types of Rolled Roofing?
What Are the Types of Rolled Roofing?. ... such as talc or mica, which helps to prevent the roofing from sticking to...
Types of House Roofing
Each roof type has its advantages and disadvantages. ... The heavy weight of tile roofing requires a strong roof frame and trusses...
Clay Roof Tile Styles
Clay roof tiles are available in many different styles and colors. ... Clay roof tiles are one of the oldest types of...