Business Risk Measurement Methods


Business risk measurement is the process by which companies determine what risks the business faces for each part of the operation. There are several different methods used to measure the risk of a business. Every company usually has a department that is responsible for determining the risk of every endeavor in which the company engages.


  • The function of business risk measurement is to determine what level of risk is associated with each portion of a business. What type of risk the company looks at varies according to the purpose of the project or department. Outlining these risks can help companies change how they work to better face new challenges in the business world. Risk measurement is usually done before a company invests in another company as well.


  • Risk measurement is determined in several ways. The main goal of risk assessment is to decide whether the time and money a company is putting into a particular area is worth it. The risk is measured by what factors can cause the business to fail in some way. If the profitability potential outweighs the risk, then the company proceeds with the project. If it does not, then the project is usually scrapped.


  • There are four main types of risk measurement. Using the proxy method, a company compares itself to similar businesses and their profits, investments and liabilities. The earnings volatility method is where potential earnings are measured against expected and unexpected financial loss. The loss modeling risk assessment method uses real data collected from the business regarding losses already accrued and is used to predict future loss. The last method commonly used to assess business risk is the direct estimation method. This uses the expertise of managers on all levels of business to determine the real risk associated with a business venture.


  • There are many benefits to conducing risk measurement on a business. Business owners are able to predict whether a particular venture will be profitable. They are also able to see where losses might occur and consequently arrange ways to avoid these issues. Risk measurement also greatly helps investors to determine which company they ought to invest in. Risk measurement can also help employers choose which areas to grow their business and which areas to reduce their business.

Time Frame

  • Risk measurement is done throughout the life of a business. However, it is almost invariably conducted during the initial planning stages of a new business. Investors like to know the risk levels of each company they are associated with. Risk measurement is also done at the start of any new project. Usually it takes several weeks to determine the full level of risk associated with a new venture.

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