A diet rich in fruits and vegetables can improve your health in a number of ways. Fruits and vegetables are generally easy to eat for snacks and easy additions to meals, which makes achieving these positive effects more simple than many complicated and hard to follow diets. The average 30-year-old female needs 1.5 cups of fruit and 2.5 cups of vegetables per day, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Fruits and vegetables are rich in many essential vitamins that help keep the body healthy. For example, potassium is found in sweet potatoes, carrot juice, cooked greens and beets which helps maintain a healthy blood pressure. Similarly, strawberries, oranges, cantaloupe and broccoli are all high in vitamin C, which helps fight disease, heal wounds and keep teeth healthy. Spinach and asparagus are both high in folate which reduces the likelihood that woman's developing fetus will be born with spinal cord defects.
Fruit and vegetables are high in fiber. For example, an apple contains 12% of the daily recommended allowance of fiber, pears contain 18% and artichokes contain 18%. A diet rich in fiber helps lower cholesterol and prevents constipation.
Because fruits and vegetables are often high in fiber they can help contribute to weight loss. High-fiber foods help people feel fuller than foods without fiber or foods high in sugar. For this reason if fruits and vegetables are a large part of a meal or a snack it becomes easier to avoid less desirable snacks and food items.
Because fruit and vegetables do not contain artificial sugar and are packed with minerals and other nutrients and vitamins they help maintain energy levels. Foods high in sugar, caffeine or "energy drinks" often result in a sugar-crash because they elevate sugar levels quickly and burn off quickly. Fruit and vegetables provide a more enduring energy level.
According to the Linus Paul Institute a diet rich in fruit and vegetables aids in the prevention of a number of diseases. Among these are cardiovascular disease, high-blood pressure, diabetes, cancer and osteoporosis.