Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are bacterial or viral infections contracted through sexual contact with an infected person. You might also contract an STD through the use of needles while taking drugs, or you can contract an STD by receiving a blood transfusion from an infected person.
Chlamydia can start to show symptoms within a week or two after sexual contact with an infected person. Some of the more common symptoms of chlamydia include severe abdominal discomfort, a white discharge from the penis or vagina, pain and discomfort while urinating and pain during intercourse. Men may also feel pain in their testicles as a result of chlamydia.
Many of the symptoms of gonorrhea resemble those of chlamydia. Specific to gonorrhea are a more frequent urge to urinate and a burning sensation during urination. While the discharge associated with chlamydia is white, the discharge associated with gonorrhea is pinkish because it is often mixed with blood.
Herpes is an STD that, once contracted, will show symptoms for the rest of your life. Some of the symptoms mimic those of gonorrhea—a burning sensation during urination and increased frequency of urination—but herpes can also cause acute abdominal pain. Herpes produces large, painful blisters on the genitals. In some cases, it can create flu-like symptoms such as fever, nausea and vomiting.
HIV, also known as human immunodeficiency virus, is the viral infection that eventually leads to the fatal condition known as AIDS. In some cases, HIV may not show any symptoms until it gets closer to evolving into AIDS. In other cases, HIV infection may cause fever, nausea, vomiting and headaches. Swollen lymph nodes at the base of the neck is another HIV symptom, as are chronic headaches, a red rash at random points on your body and chronic fatigue.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a condition that can develop slowly; it can be fatal if not treated. Some of the more common symptoms are a chronic pain in the pelvic area that can make sexual intercourse painful, flu symptoms such as a fever or nausea, vaginal bleeding and a foul-smelling discharge.