Athletes training for strength and power should consume between 0.77 and 0.90 gram of protein per pound of body weight daily, recommends the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Intense workouts increase your muscles' amino acids demands, and amino acids are the building blocks of protein. If you're a 180-pound guy looking to consume 164 grams of protein per day, you won't do yourself any favors downing it all in one or two sittings, though. Spread your protein intake out over five to six meals eaten throughout the day. Your body can't store excess amino acids for later use -- they're either broken down and used for energy, excreted from the body or stored as fat.