It's far easier to pay lip service to freedom of speech than it is to sue those who violate it. But when push comes to shove, our civil rights are protected and preserved by those ready to fight for them. Think of a civil rights attorney as the one who is leading that charge.
In its simplest form, a civil right is a right or privilege that can be enforced in the courts, like freedom of speech, the right to vote and the right to be treated equally under the law. Civil rights lawyers specialize in representing those whose civil rights have been denied or violated. Often, civil rights cases arise when members of a racial group or other legally protected class of people are denied their civil rights.
The term civil rights brings to mind minority rights because the biggest civil rights battle in the United States involved attempts by black citizens to obtain the equal rights and treatment the Constitution guarantees them. Congress passed civil rights legislation in 1964 to eliminate discrimination based on race, color, religion or national origin. Civil rights lawyers are those attorneys, public and private, who fight against illegal discrimination and unequal treatment under state and federal laws.
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