Drugs.com explains that "ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones." Its job is to fight bacteria in the body and prevent the production of proteins that certain bacterias need to survive. Though ciprofloxacin is a common drug used by many doctors, there are side effects that can be harmful to patients.
Side Effects - Head, Face and Throat
If you are experiencing any swelling of the throat, lips, tongue or face, or if you are having difficulty breathing, an allergic reaction to the medication may be occurring. It is important to seek emergency care in these cases, as any allergic reaction can be potentially very dangerous. Other serious side effects may include severe hives on the face and neck, high fever, headache, dizziness, dry mouth and lightheadedness. Blurred vision may also occur.
Side Effects - Gastrointestinal/Urinary
Cirpofloxacin can cause mild and serious stomach problems. The most common, less severe side effects include nausea, vomiting, upset stomach and abdominal pain, states medicinenet.com. According to drugs.com, serious side effects include diarrhea that is bloody and watery and urinating less than normal or not at all. Diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration, which can be deadly. If you are experiencing any severe symptoms, stop using the medication and seek medical help.
Side Effects - Body and Brain
Mild side effects of ciprofloxacin may include insomnia, anxiousness and nervousness. Though these are not deadly, they can be detrimental to one's mental health, and you should contact a physician. Drugs.com states that more serious side effects include fainting, depression, hallucinations, confusion, unusual thoughts and behavior, seizures, weakness, pain and swelling of the joints, easy bruising, bleeding, numbness and tingling anywhere in the body.
Side Effects - Skin
Ciprofloxacin may cause skin to be more sensitive to sunlight. Avoid long exposure to sunlight or artificial sunlight, as it may cause severe sunburn. Serious problems with the skin may include severe blistering, peeling or red skin rash, explains drugs.com. If you see any change in skin color or experience a rash of any kind, stop taking ciprofloxacin and consult a physician. No matter how mild the symptoms are, they can be dangerous.
There are many things you can do to avoid these side effects. Do not take ciprofloaxcin while you are on blood thinners or are using insulin. Avoid taking antacids, as they can make ciprofloxacin less effective. Drinking coffee while on ciprofloxacin can enhance the effects of caffeine, so limit the amount you drink. When outside, wear clothing that protects your skin from the sun. Since ciprofloxacin can impair your thinking, drugs.com warns people who are taking this medication to not drive a vehicle.
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