What Is RDW on a Blood Test?


If your physician has diagnosed you with a type of anemia or iron deficiency, then somewhere along the line you must have had a blood test that reflected an abnormal RDW count. Your RDW levels, along with a combination of a few other important blood counts, are what help your physician figure out just what type of anemia you have, and why it has manifested. HIP Health Plan of New York explains that there are more than 400 known types of anemia, which can be further broken down into subgroups relating to blood loss, poor red-cell production and the demise of red blood cells.

What Does RDW Stand For?

  • RDW is the abbreviation for "red blood cell distribution width." According to Lab Tests Online, RDW calculates the varying sizes of red blood cell (RBC) volume in a blood sample. An RDW test is usually performed as part of a CBC, or complete blood count.


  • It is virtually impossible to discuss the RDW aspect of a blood test without including MCV, or mean corpuscle value. MCV goes hand in hand with red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in terms of anemia and other hematology disorders, and the values of both are influenced by each other. For instance, low MCV levels in combination with normal RDW may point to chronic disease, while low MCV combined with low RDW can denote iron deficiency. In the same respect, a normal MCV reading in combination with normal RDW may represent a chronic disorder, and normal MCV combined with high RDW can signify a B12 deficiency. Chronolab.com also reveals that when MCV levels are high and RDW is normal, pre-leukemia may be present. Both high MCV and high RDW may mean that a patient is experiencing folate deficiency.

RDW Calculation

  • RDW is calculated by dividing the standard deviation (SD) by the mean corpuscle volume (MCV) and then multiplying that result by 100. The standard deviation represents the volume of erythrocytes or red blood cells that are in the blood smear. According to Beckman Coulter, the equation for the RDW calculation is RDW = SD / MCV x 100.

Normal Reference Range for RDW Blood Test

  • Normal RDW values are between 11 and 14 percent, with an optimum RDW value range of 13 percent. When RDW values rise above normal levels, several disorders become suspect. According to the Archives of Internal Medicine, RDW counts may also play an important role in predicting mortality, especially in patients who have cardiovascular disease and cancer. In fact, patients who test higher than the normal reference range on an RDW test may suffer more health risks than those patients whose RDW values are lower.


  • Anisocytosis is diagnosed when the RDW levels in a blood test indicate excessively high values of variably shaped red blood cells. In the book "Diagnostic Hematology," author Norman Beck explains that the presence of anisocytosis in a diagnostic blood test is so common that it is often dismissed as a component while making a diagnosis. But, breakthroughs in medicine have shed new light on the importance of anisocytosis during patient evaluation. When anisocytosis is measured against other blood cell values, the high RBC values can help make a better determination of the type of anemia present in a patient.

Consult Your Health Care Provider

  • Blood tests and their results are a piece of the overall diagnostic picture and are not meant to be the sole tool used for diagnosis or prognosis of illness. Consulting with your health care provider for a full physical as well as an assessment of symptoms is the best method of understanding your blood test results.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit blood draw image by Jaimie Duplass from Fotolia.com
Promoted By Zergnet



You May Also Like

  • What Is an Hgb Blood Test?

    If your doctor suspects that you may have an infection or an illness that needs to be confirmed through blood work, she...

  • What Is MCHC in a Blood Test?

    Blood tests let doctors know about many possible health conditions. The letters and what they mean often mean nothing to those uninitiated...

  • What Is a SGPT Blood Test?

    An SGPT blood test is a test used to measure the amount of the enzyme glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) in blood.

  • What is an AST Blood Test?

    If you have been experiencing pain and swelling in your abdominal region, along with dark urine, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and clay colored...

  • What Are the Causes of Elevated Platelet Count?

    Platelets are also called thrombocytes. They are small fragments of large bone marrow cells (megakaryocytes) that clump together to assist in the...

  • Absolute Eosinophils Levels

    The blood consists of different types of cells including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. White blood cells are part...

  • Normal HCT Levels

    HCT is an abbreviation of "hematocrit." It is a routine blood test that is used as a marker of general health. Most...

  • Does a High WBC Mean Cancer?

    White blood cells (leukocytes) fight infections. More white blood cells are produced when a foreign organism is detected. A high white blood...

  • How to Read MCH in Blood Test Results

    Doctors review several markers in a person's bloodwork to determine possible health risks. MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin) is a marker that shows...

  • How to Interpret MPV Blood Test Results

    Blood work contains many markers that help indicate underlying health issues. MPV represents the mean platelet volume; platelets vary in size, with...

  • What Are the Causes of High MCV Count?

    MCV stands for mean corpuscular volume. It is the size measurement of the average RBC, red blood cell. Macrocytic is enlarged RBCs....

Related Searches

Check It Out

This Is the Beauty Routine of a Yelp Sales Manager

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!