Comedonal acne is a type of mild acne that commonly pops up on the nose, chin and forehead. This form of acne can appear at any age and occurs due to oil and bacteria getting trapped in skin pores. Types of comedonal acne include whiteheads and blackheads. Treatment differs for each.
To treat whiteheads, or closed comedones, specifically, it's important to follow a daily skin cleansing routine and to keep your skin oil-free. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends washing your face in the morning and evening with a mild, non-drying soap. Use oil-balancing facial wipes throughout the day to keep skin clean and oil-free. To get rid of current whiteheads on your skin, use a spot treatment that contains either benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. Avoid touching your skin or picking at the pimples, as this can aggravate your skin and cause more whiteheads.
To treat blackheads, or open comedones, you should also wash your skin daily to keep it clean and oil-free. To target blackheads that are currently plaguing your skin, use clay facial masks and pore strips.
No routine or remedy works overnight to clear acne. However, if you don't see improvement, visit a dermatologist to discuss further treatment options.
To treat comedonal acne, your dermatologist may recommend retinoids. Retinoids come in both cream and gel forms, and work to unclog pores. Because retinoids work to unclog pores, it brings out all the dirt, oil and bacteria trapped beneath the layers of your skin to the surface all at once. This can often result in breakouts due to all those materials coming to the surface of your skin. To help prevent breakouts from using a topical retinoid, dermatologists typically combine an oral antibiotic with a retinoid cream or gel, to combat the inflammation that results from the bacteria in your skin.