Production planning and control are inextricably linked, and without both sides of the equation, a business may run into production challenges. Both planning and control are administrative processes that require planning and evaluation of data. To engage in production planning and control, a business has to produce or sell tangible goods.
Production Planning Definition
Production planning is the process through which a business determines the business's production needs and plans for how to meet those needs. Such planning is an ongoing process that begins before production commences. Thereafter production planning may help tweak the production process based on current results and can also be used to plan for future projects while one or more projects are underway.
Types of Production Planning
Production planning encompasses every aspect of production. It can include planning the purchase and maintenance of tools for production ranging from metal and wires to large machines. Production planning also requires companies to plan to have sufficient personnel to complete and oversee production. Of course, to plan anything regarding production, a business needs to know how much demand there is for a specific product, how much it costs and how much it costs to make -- meaning these factors play indirect roles in the production planning process.
Production Control Definition
Production control can't be easily separated from production planning. Generally, however, the process refers to the ongoing oversight and adjustments a business must make to production -- including changes to the original production plan. As a practical matter, though, it's typically the same person or people overseeing production planning and control, and many businesses don't distinguish one process from another.
Types of Production Control
Production control is an ongoing process, so it involves adjustments, assessments and predictions. If a production plan indicates a business needs a certain number of supplies, for example, the production control process will monitor the availability of those supplies and request more supplies if there are too few or return supplies if there are too many. Production control may also involve establishing recommendations for more-efficient production.