What Causes Swollen Gums?


Swollen gums is a relatively common ailment. In the case of gingivitis, it can be a sign of gum disease. Swollen gums usually bleed very easily and may constantly feel sore. There are several causes of swollen gums, particularly the buildup of plaque.

Plaque Accumulation

  • The buildup of dental plaque, a thin, bacterial biofilm that accumulates over the teeth, is a major cause of swollen gums. Plaque builds up largely because of poor dental health and hygiene. Plaque also can lead to to cavities and periodontal issues.

Food Particles

  • Food particles that become stuck between the teeth and gums can cause localized swelling. Generally, once the problem food particle is removed, the swelling of the gums will subside.


  • Pregnancy also causes gums to swell. Pregnancy-induced gingivitis results from changes in hormonal levels that increase the flow of blood to the gums, causing them to become more swollen, sensitive and irritating.


  • Malnutrition can often result in swollen gums. Vitamin C is vital for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. An extreme deficiency of this vitamin can cause swollen gums and may even result in teeth falling out.


  • Dentures, retainers, braces and other dental devices also can cause swollen gums. The best solution is get new fittings.

Related Searches

Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • Causes of Sore Gums

    Most people have dealt with red, swollen gums at some point, and no one likes figuring out how to stop the bleeding,...

  • What Causes Red Swollen Gums?

    Swollen gums, which are also referred to as gingival swelling or gingivitis, are a common but preventable dental condition, and can lead...

  • Home Remedy For Inflamed Gums

    If you have inflamed gums, it's time to try one of a number of home remedies. A mild case of inflamed gums,...

  • Swollen Gums in Children

    Swollen gums are most often caused by bacteria, which can lead to gum disease. In children, however, swollen gums may also be...

  • Swollen Gums From Sinus Infection

    Sinus infections affect more than 35,000,000 people a year in the United States according to www.ent-consult.com. Sinus infections can have many side...

  • What are the causes of pale gray and swollen gums?

    The human mouth is the first site of digestion, where teeth and saliva begin the breakdown of food. For this reason alone,...

  • Home Remedies for Healing Puffy Gums

    Healthy gums are key to dental health. Oftentimes, puffy gums are indicative of gum disease or other serious mouth conditions. If you...

  • How to Treat Inflamed Gums

    Inflamed gums are more than just painful. When your gums swell and bleed, your mouth is telling you there is a problem...

  • How to Cure Swollen Gums

    The type of cure that you find for swollen gums will largely depend on the cause of the condition. There are both...

  • How to Stop Gum Swelling Associated With Orthodontic Braces

    Braces, or orthodontia appliances, are used to straighten crooked teeth and place them in better alignment in your jaw. Overcrowded or misaligned...

  • How to Get Food Unlodged From Your Gums

    Getting food caught in your gums can be embarrassing, uncomfortable and unhygienic. Fortunately, good dental hygiene is usually sufficient to remove and...

Related Searches

Check It Out

This Is the Beauty Routine of a Yelp Sales Manager

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!