Gas furnaces use either natural gas or propane to heat an enclosed area. A significant advantage of this method of temperature control is that gas burns much cleaner than the oil used with oil furnaces. Consequently, mechanical problems tend to arise much less frequently with gas furnaces. When they do, they are generally easier to diagnose and faster to correct.
When a gas furnace fails to produce sufficient heat, or produces no heat at all, the problem is usually the result of a closed control valve, a faulty circuit or fuse, an incorrectly set or non-working thermostat, or a pilot light that is out. To correct the situation, open the control valve sufficiently to allow proper gas flow. Adjust or replace the circuit or fuse to restore power. Reset or repair the thermostat as required, or light the pilot flame again.
Even when a gas furnace is generating heat, sometimes the temperature or amount of heat is inadequate. Both problems can occur if the blower is blocked or the blower belt is damaged or loose, the burner or filter is too dirty, or the setting on the thermostat is too low. Simply raise the temperature setting in the last case and either clean or restore the appropriate part in the previous cases.
When the blower is clogged, the filter is dirty, and the motor or blower is overly dry, the furnace can switch on and off too frequently. This leads to erratic heating. Fix the problem by cleaning the dirty part or lubricating the blower or motor in the proper port areas. If the irregular behavior is related to a problematic thermostat heat anticipator instead, then reorient the adjustment arm accordingly.
Pilots that won't light are commonly the result of a clogged pilot opening or no gas due to a closed or insufficiently open valve. Clear the blockage in the first case and adjust the gas valve in the second. Then try to light the pilot flame again.
If the pilot won't stay lit, check to ensure the pilot flame isn't set too low, the thermocouple nut isn't loose, or the thermocouple itself isn't damaged. Set the pilot flame to at least 2 inches if it is set too low. Tighten the nut if it is loose. Or replace the entire thermocouple if it is damaged. Occasionally, a defective pilot can be the culprit if the furnace uses the electronic kind, in which case a professional will need to make repairs.
Carbon monoxide buildup and gas leaks are potential deadly hazards if they are not tended to immediately. Most gas furnaces produce a negligible amount of carbon monoxide during normal operation. However, it's essential to have a working carbon monoxide detector to signal if the amount present has reached a harmful level because of a malfunctioning furnace.
Unlike carbon monoxide, which is odorless, gas has a unique and strong smell. Individuals can often detect a gas leak when a furnace malfunctions because they smell the substance. If that happens, exit the building immediately. Make sure to keep all lights exactly as they are, on or off, and leave the door open. Once you are safely outside, stay there and contact the fire department or the gas company for assistance. Do not attempt to repair gas leaks yourself.
Instructions for Replacing the Gas Valve on a Furnace
A malfunctioning gas valve will not supply the furnace's burners with the proper amount of fuel. Gas valves locked in the closed...
Lennox Value Furnace Troubleshooting
The Lennox Value Series furnace is a gas model designed for use in the home. It was one of the lower-cost models...
How to Fix Common Furnace Problems
A large percentage of furnace service calls can be avoided if you can find and then determine what the cause is. Most...
How to Troubleshoot a Furnace With No Heat
Nothing is worse than waking to a freezing, cold house to find that your furnace is not producing warm air. Your first...
How to Troubleshoot the Rheem Furnace That Will Not Light
Gas furnaces by Rheem are energy efficient and offer a heat exchange on the furnace that is made out of stainless and...
Rheem Furnace Troubleshooting Guide
The Rheem Manufacturing Company, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, produces both home and commercial comfort products. The company manufactures oil and gas furnaces,...
How to Repair a Furnace Gas Valve
replacing a furnace gas valve doesn't have to cost an arm and a leg in expensive repair bills. Repair a furnace gas...
Common Furnace Problems
The most common reason for furnace failure is a furnace filter that is dirty because the filter should be changed every three...