What is the Definition of Information Technology?

  • Print this article
What is the Definition of Information Technology?
What is the Definition of Information Technology?

It seems that everything today is controlled by computers. From the supermarket to the doctor's office to the IRS, everyone keeps data on customers, patients, clients or business contacts. In fact, the evolution of the Internet has literally connected the world. Information technology specialists help to maintain and develop these computer systems.

  1. History

    • While the term "information technology" was first coined in the 1970s, the inception of the original concept was actually during World War II, when the military was actively developing electronic technology, which included computers. In fact, until the 1950s, the military was the primary source of information technology progress. Since then, four major computer evolutions have occurred, each growing progressively physically smaller, yet more capable. The first micro-computer was marketed in 1975. And in 1981, IBM introduced the first personal computer, forever changing the face of IT. In fact, personal computers of today are capable of far more than even the most advanced systems of the 1960s, at literally a thousandth of the cost.

    Identification

    • According to the Information Technology Association of America, information technology (commonly called simply IT) can be defined as "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." IT specialists handle everything related to computers, including data storage, database administration, and all other aspects related to information storage, retrieval, transmittal, protection, and processing information securely. IT specialists may also design software, manage computer hardware, design computer networks, and offer helpdesk assistance.

    Function

    • Since many offices literally cannot function without their computer systems, IT specialists are an extremely important part of any team. In addition to maintaining systems and system data, IT specialists and managers are often responsible for assisting with business plans, especially in relation to IT. They may help choose a company's software and computer hardware systems, coordinate installation of these components, and provide direct assistance to other employees in regard to these systems. They may set up email accounts, passwords, and employee specific access to company systems, among other things. Most IT specialists work a minimum of 40 hours per week in an office setting.

    Considerations

    • Those working in the IT field come from a variety of backgrounds. Most employers require a bachelor's degree for IT management positions, and some prefer a master's degree with a focus in technology. For other positions, similar degrees can be required, but some companies will hire those with vocational degrees or equivalent experience. IT experts also need to have a working understanding of business practices and laws specific to their company's industry. For example, those working in the health care industry must be familiar with the HIPAA laws.

    Potential

    • If you're considering a career in information technology, it's a wise choice. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, the IT field is growing more rapidly than others. The field is expected to grow 16 percent by 2016. In fact, 264,000 computer and information systems managers were employed in 2006. Of these, about one quarter worked in computer service related jobs like computer system designing and the related services. IT specialists can find work in a variety of settings today, especially considering that most companies use some form of computer system.

Related Searches

Resources

  • Photo Credit Image Credit: Oliver Nagy/sxc.hu

Comments

You May Also Like

  • Definition of Information Technology Certification

    Information technology (IT) specialists are typically responsible for managing computer hardware and networked systems for business clients. While most IT personnel ...

  • LCD TV History

    LCD technology has forever changed the TV, making it much better suited for modern needs. ... virtually every TV sold today is...

  • Definition of Information & Communication Technology

    Information and communication technologies are critical for the economy to function efficiently. Because of advances in technology, consumers and investors are more...

  • Define Information Communication Technology

    Information Communication Technology (ICT) is a term that describes types of technology that are used specifically for communications. It is like Information...

  • Definition of Health Information Technology

    Given advances in technology, the transmission of medical records has been made faster and more effective. Health information technology allows the instant...

  • Data Retrieval Definition

    Definition of a Database Application. ... Medisoft Clinical is a software company specializing in Healthcare Information Technology. As of 2010, ...

  • The Definition of Computer Technology

    Computer technology encompasses a host of ideas involving the design, construction and use of information-processing equipment. As computers have evolved from ancient...

  • Definitions of Computer Terms for Kids

    Science Definitions for Kids; Characteristics of a Gifted Baby; Print this article; ... Basic Computer Skills for Kids. Computers and technology are...

  • What Is Information Technology?

    Information technology, known as IT, refers to the study, design, development, implementation, support and management of computer-based knowledge. Discover the world ...

  • 3G Technology Definition

    3G (also known as IMT-2000) is a designation in wireless communication meaning 'third generation.' It is implemented in multimedia cell phones to...

  • Communication Technology Definition

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) defines communication technology as connection by way of "radio, television, wire, satellite, or cable." However, this ...

  • Construction Technology Definition

    Construction technology is a degree offered at many universities offering specialization in structural engineering and construction techniques. Construction ...

  • "Emerging Information Technology" Definition

    "Emerging information technology" is a phrase used to describe the trend in technological developments and innovations that continue to be on the...

  • The Evolution of Personal Computers

    ... coined the term "personal computer" in the 1960s, ... The History of Computers & Technology. There was a time when the...

  • Technical Manager Definition

    Managers must typically have several years of experience working in an information technology department as an administrator, ... Construction Technology Definition.

  • Meaning of Computer Technology

    When searching for a new career field with a high demand for skilled workers, some may refer you to the world of...

  • Define Business Technology

    "Emerging Information Technology" Definition. All industries, from the medical field to aeronautics to corporate businesses, benefit from emerging information technology.

  • Scope of Information Technology in Education

    What is the Definition of Information Technology? ... Weaver Vintage Scope Information. Rifle scope technology has evolved since William Randolph Weaver built...

  • Definition of Management Information System

    One of the most important functions of management is decision making. Sound decision making helps attain organizational goals. Effective decision making calls...

  • Communication Technology Terms

    Communication technology propelled humanity into the digital information age. Manifested by the omnipresence of wireless mobile devices, high-definition TV and other ...

Related Ads

Featured
View Mobile Site