Broken blood vessels are in most cases more of a cosmetic problem than one that requires any medical attention. Falls, bumps, and bangs all can lead to blood vessels rupturing which will leave behind a not so attractive bruise to the skin. Of course there are always those blood vessels that break due to aging of the skin, namely to the facial area, which tend to affect vanity and self confidence, and then there are those that occur deep inside the body usually unannounced.
Broken blood vessels occur directly under the outer most layer of transparent skin. Tiny blood vessels break do to trauma or injury, and can be dark in appearance or bright red and prominently visible under the skin. For the most part, broken blood vessels result in minor pain upon contact, and could go basically undetected if they were not so visually noticeable. These minor skin traumas can appear any where on the body, including the face and on the sclera of the eyes.
There are two types of broken blood vessels that occur under the skin. One type is the typical bruising which appears as a purplish welt, and the other is a blood spot which appears as a bright red spreading of cells under the skin. Each can result from trauma, while blood spots have a broader range of causes such as medications, malnutrition, and disease.
The skins healing time after blood vessels have ruptured, greatly depends on where the bruising is located. In most cases these injuries to the skin repair themselves within two to three weeks after trauma occurs. But there are some home remedies that can help to speed up the recovery process. Applying pressure to the area can help to stop further blood vessel breakage in the area, as well as, cold compresses. But for the most part broken blood vessels manage to heal themselves unassisted. In the cases of blood spots, these ruptures have a longer healing time, if at all.
Broken blood vessels can occur without an individual recalling the earlier trauma that led to the bruising. This is usually the case for those that bruise easily and those of an older, more mature status whose skin has begun to lose flexibility. Men are less common to broken blood vessels than women, and younger children have the problem less than both. Blood spots can occur at any age, and are a bit more difficult to pinpoint as far as cause.
For those individuals that are left with more permanent types of broken blood vessels that cause them to be self conscience, dermatologists have a solution. By injecting the area with medications that promote shrinking, the broken blood vessels can be dissolved, bringing back a more youthful appearance to the skin. Another procedure involves a laser treatment that offers the same result without the pain of medicated injections.
While most broken blood vessels fail to produce any immediate health risks for individuals, ones that are present in the brain are another story. Aneurysms are ruptures that occur most frequently in the base of the brain, and rarely offer warnings. In some small cases, broken blood vessels in the brain have been known to show signs of speech disruption, double vision, weakness, tingling, numbness, and in some cases headaches prior to rupture.