What is a Philosopher?

Save

When people hear the term philosopher, they often imagine the philosophers of ancient Greece with long white beards dressed in flowing robes all sitting around contemplating the meaning of life. While it's true that philosophers do contemplate the meaning of existence, they are deep thinkers on many issues that continue to fuel the desire for knowledge and the quest for truth.

Types of Philosophical Inquiry

  • In order to understand what a philosopher is, it's important to understand a bit about what philosophers study. There are several branches of philosophy, including metaphysics, logic, ethics and much more, but generally philosophy is the study of matters concerning existence. For example, ethics deals with moral dilemmas, whereas logic examines thinking patterns. Metaphysics ponders the natural world and our relationship to the world and universe in which we live. A philosopher may focus mainly on one branch of philosophy or many aspects of the discipline.

Interests of Philosphers

  • A philosopher seeks truth in regard to the issues of existence and those conditions that affect humanity. The philosopher attempts to answer previously unanswerable questions through debate and arguments based on logical thought. A philosopher may also be referred to as a deep thinker who is on a quest to know how, when, where and mostly why. A philosopher takes established views and challenges them while appealing to logic and reason. Philosophers often have a strong interest in religion and science. Philosophers may share their ideas through writing, teaching, research and clerical careers.

Evolving Philosophical Debates

  • Ancient philosophers debated the state of the universe, life's purpose, existence and the political system as well as other subjects concerning humanity and the nature of life. Times changed and so did philosophy, but not entirely. Many of the topics of debate that were of importance to the philosophers of old remain just as important in modern philosophy. The only difference is that discoveries were made along the way that have provided answers to some profound questions. But it seems that for every question answered, new ones emerge to keep the minds of philosophers ever occupied.

Ancient Philosophers

  • Philosophy flourished in ancient Greece. Aristotle wrote extensively about life, death, the soul, heaven, physics and politics. Aristotle lived from 384 to 322 B.C.E. Plato was another intellectual who wrote in dialogues detailing conversations between individuals engaged in passionate debates. Socrates didn't write down his intellectual philosophies but instead critically examined ideas through spirited questioning, known as the Socratic method. He was put to death chiefly because the authorities were uncomfortable with the fact that Socrates caused others to question their own beliefs.

Contemporary Philosophers

  • Although ancient Greece might be better known for great philosophers, other cultures also made important contributions. Chinese and other Asian civilizations became known for their schools of thought, such as Confucianism. Current day philosophical discussion also draws heavily from the ideas of contemporary philosophers such as John Rawls, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mills, Adam Smith and Karl Marx, to name just a few. Contemporary philosophers focus on ethics, morality, reason, rationality, justice and utilitarianism. Modern philosophers examine social issues, politics and economic systems from a critical lens.

Becoming a Philosopher

  • If you’re passionate about studying philosophy and enjoy contemplating the meaning of human existence, you may have what it takes to be a philosopher. Most philosophers work at colleges and universities in teaching and research positions. Becoming a college professor entails completing a Ph.D. in philosophy, which takes about five to seven years of study beyond a bachelor’s degree and completion of a dissertation. Competition for teaching jobs in philosophy and the humanities is keen.

References

  • Photo Credit Brigida_Soriano/iStock/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

You May Also Like

  • What Are Philosophical Issues?

    Philosophical issues are the topics and questions raised by the study of philosophy. There are several branches of philosophy, and in all...

  • What Does it Mean to Be Philosophical?

    The word philosophical means "of or relating to philosophers or philosophy," according to Merriam-Webster. Philosophy refers to the pursuit of wisdom or...

  • How to Write a Personal Philosophy Statement

    A personal philosophy statement serves as an introduction to you, focusing more on your beliefs and values than on life experiences and...

  • What Is Ethics in Philosophy?

    If philosophy is an inquiry into the fundamental questions of existence, ethics is the philosophical discipline that attempts to answer fundamental questions...

  • How Much Do Philosophers Get Paid?

    Those who work full time jobs as philosophers teach others about the study of philosophy, working in secondary educational institutes such as...

  • List of Philosophy Careers

    Philosophy graduates have many career options available to them. More often than most other disciplines, philosophy majors find work outside their field...

Related Searches

Check It Out

Can You Take Advantage Of Student Loan Forgiveness?

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!